Serious illness characterized by
low yield of the
of the bone marrow.
The heart is often filled by fat cells that replace those that produce blood cells.
It affects all series of blood cells:
White blood cells and.
can be affected at any age.
Half of the cases is due to drugs, especially immunosuppressive, or chemicals such as
hydrocarbons (benzene and the like)
In other cases, the reason probably is an autoimmune
caused by serious or for reasons not identified.
caused by the reduction of white cells, which are those that protect against them.
Pallor and fatigue stem from the lack of
blood cells and the tendency to bleed because of the lack of platelets.
Signs and symptoms.
Weakness, fatigue, faintness and shortness of breath.
nose, mouth, rectum,
, gums and other areas, including
under the skin.
Ulcers on the lining of the mouth, throat,
Risk Factors and Prevention.
factors such as
Use of certain medications and drugs.
or, more commonly, inhalation of toxic compounds, such as benzene, at work.
Serious illness recently.
Avoid prolonged exposure to toxic components such as benzene, used in many industrial chemicals.
Do not take any medicine unless necessary.
Diagnosis and Treatment.
Diagnosis is made by history and physical examination by
The history - making any of the medicines that can produce it, or
with chemicals commented is
great help to guide the diagnosis.
Usually require testing of blood, nose, throat, urine and bone marrow.
Usually, the cause of hair loss, and some patients temporarily use
Keep your mouth scrupulously clean to reduce the possibility of
your teeth often with
Rinse your mouth with
solution of hydrogen peroxide and water in equal shares, or
mouthwash if the
The best treatment is bone marrow transplant:
The bone marrow transplant requires
donor with compatible antigens; the best donors are the twins.
The donated marrow is gradually inserted into the veins of the patient, to try to replace defective cells in the bone marrow by healthy cells.
To prevent rejection of transplanted cells, are used immunosuppressive drugs.
Your physician may prescribe:
Antibiotics to prevent or treat an
Medical rinses to remove
of the mouth by
Go back to your
activities after treatment. Diet.
You may need
supplements or vitamins, check with your
Poor response to treatment due to
Rejection of the transplanted cells.
the body by the transplanted cells.
One of the following happens after the transplant:
Any sign of
such as inflammation anywhere in the body. Does not always appear.
redness, tenderness or pain.
skin and eyes)
Reduction of urine in
The complications are fatal in 50% to 70% of the cases affected by severe
This condition is curable provided they can identify the cause and treatment
caused by immunosuppressive drugs usually heal spontaneously after stopping the drug.
The total restoration usually takes 6 to 8 months.
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