OvarianáCancer

Disease information



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OvarianáCancer
Ovarian cancer.

Malignant proliferation in the ovary, which may extend to other parts of the body, which can be lethal.

One or both ovaries. Can spread to the lungs and bones.

Women of any age, but is more common in women over 50 years.

Causes.

Unknown.

Signs and symptoms.

In general, do not show symptoms until the tumor has grown. Early symptoms:

Mild discomfort in the lower abdomen.

Gastrointestinal discomfort.

Irregular menstruation.

Symptoms later:

Hoarse.

Excessive growth of hair.

Weight loss without reason.

Under inflated abdomen, hard and sometimes sensitive.

Pain during sex.

Anemia.

Risk Factors.

It is not known.

Prevention.

Undergo annual pelvic exams, which offer the best chance of early detection and cure.

Diagnosis and Treatment.

Health precautions.

Medical treatment. Surgery to remove the cancerous ovary and other affected areas, such as.

fallopian tubes, uterus and sometimes the other ovary.

Treatment of radiation and / or chemotherapy.

Psychotherapy and counseling to learn how to cope with cancer.

General measures.

For explanation of surgery and postoperative care.

Medication.

Your doctor may prescribe:

Anticancer drugs.

Analgesics.

Female hormones until menopause.

Activity.

There are no restrictions after recovering from surgery.

Follow a normal diet diet, well - balanced, high in protein to help repair the tissues.

Diagnostic Systems.

His own observation of symptoms.

Medical history and physical examination by a doctor.

Analysis of blood.

Ultrasonography of the abdomen.

X - rays of the abdomen.

Surgical techniques for diagnosis, such as colposcopy and laparoscopy.

Complications.

Death by extension of cancer to other parts of the body.

Forecast.

25 or 50% of women with ovarian cancer survive at least 5 years after treatment.

Call the doctor if.

Have symptoms of an ovarian tumor.

The following occurs after surgery: increased pain, swelling, redness or drainage from the wound. Pain or swelling in the leg.

Symptoms of infection such as fever, chills, headache or muscle pain.


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