FebrileáSeizures

Disease information



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FebrileáSeizures
Febrile seizures.

Attacks caused by a rapid rise in temperature and characterized by gaps of consciousness and uncontrollable muscle spasms.

Age.

It affects infants and young children, which have yet to mature central nervous system (up to two years or so)

Causes.

By any cause sudden fever, irritability with unexplained central nervous system in some children.

Signs and symptoms.

Generally, an infection with fever before the convulsions, although sometimes listed first seizures.

Symptoms include:

Loss of consciousness.

Violent movements of the arms, legs or face that lasts for 2 to 3 minutes.

Loss of control of the bladder and intestine.

Irritability followed to retrieve the knowledge of sleep for several hours.

Risk Factors.

Consecutive infections.

Prevention.

When the fever in a child who has suffered a febrile seizure before, immediately implement measures to reduce fever (see General Measures)

Diagnosis and Treatment.

DIAGNOSIS:

History and physical examination by a doctor.

Analysis of blood and spinal fluid.

EEG.

TREATMENT:

General measures.

During the spasm, the child away potentially dangerous objects.

Take note of the details and inform your doctor. The reports should include the following:

When do you start?

How much time has passed since you got the fever?

Were the same movements of members on both sides of the body is shaken or more one side than the other?

How long was the seizure? Sleep after the child? How long?

Is he repeated the spasm after an interval?

The answers will help your doctor decide whether the spasm was a febrile seizure or an epileptic fit triggered by the fever.

After the seizure, try to bring down the fever. To do this:

Manage any antipyretic, such as aspirin or paracetamol.

Apply towels soaked in cold water or alcohol.

Immerse the child in a bath of cool water (not too cold)

Medication.

The doctor may prescribe drugs like anticonvulsants phenobarbital, to prevent recurrence.

Some doctors recommend medication after the first seizure, many only get treatment if repeated.

The anticonvulsants are effective only if taken every day for a number of years.

Activity.

Keep your child resting in bed until the fever passes and cure the disease primary.

So let you return to your normal activities gradually.

Diet.

After the seizure, give the child extra liquid, including water, or tea, cola and fruit juices.

Advise your doctor if.

There is a wound during the spasm.

The cause of the fever does not refer to 3 days.

The child gets blue during the attack.

Complications.

Physical injury during a seizure.

Brain injury after repeated seizures.

Forecast.

Despite its gruesome aspect, only a seizure caused by fever in a child usually does not take seriously.

However, it must be taken into account and investigated the possibility that there are other reasons.

If the first seizure occurs in a child younger than 5 months, it may be necessary recognition and other neurological tests.


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