Protuberance of an internal organ through
weakness or abnormal opening in the surrounding
include: inguinal or femoral, umbilical and postsurgical.
one takes place by the weakness of the corresponding musculatura:
Muscles around the navel.
Inguinal or femoral:
Conectivo weave of ingle.
Muscles in the zone of
It affects to both sexes (the inguinal is more frequent in the man) any age.
If the herniado weave strangles (it loses his provision of blood) the protuberante part can be perforated, causing
obstruction and perforation, with fever, severe pain, vomits and shock (IT IS an EMERGENCY)
Hernias umbilical of the
usually is cured spontaneously to the 4 years and they only require surgery occasionally.
The others hernias usually are cured with surgery.
Diagnosis and treatment.
File and physical examination by
Analysis of blood.
X - rayses of the abdomen.
The treatment is, in general, surgical.
General measures Before the surgery, whenever push inclines
towards its site if it excels too much.
truss is not put. It injures or it debilitates weaves, making difficult or disabling the surgery.
It is not necessary.
Avoid to as much raise heavy objects - before as after the surgery.
diet against the constipation.
fever or acute pain, calls immediately to the
. IT IS AN EMERGENCY!
Signs and symptoms.
Tumefacción that usually disappears when pressing smoothly or On guard knocked down.
Slight annoyances or pain in the zone of the bulk (some times)
Tumefacción of escroto, with or without pain.
Factors of risk.
Adults of more than 60 years.
Contínuos efforts, like in the
weak zone could not be
, unless it is perforated to raise objects of much
or to make excessive efforts.
If it must raise weights, double the knees, raise the object and enderécese using muscles of the legs. Maintain the object against his body. The breathing does not make an effort or contains. It does not raise doubling it the waist and using muscles and the back.
Reinforce abdominal muscles with the appropriate exercise (it asks its
Weakness of the conectivo weave or the
It can be of birth or appear more ahead.
Hernias postsurgical is the result of previous surgeries.