Persistent increase of the pressure in the arteries.
One or both components of the
or Maxima, that when coming out informs into the pressure of the heart and the diastólica or minimum
to us, that informs to us into the pressure in the
of the corporal periphery) estan increased.
She is one of the most important causes of
in the western world.
If an suitable control is obtained, the
reduces neither to the duration nor the quality of the life.
control of the same one yes reduces them.
is one of the more outstanding factors of risk in the
affectation of the
with loss of vision, and even blindness.
Diagnosis and treatment.
The diagnosis is made by means of the taking of the
of suitable form (three takings in
month, having remained the patient in rest before
taking at least five minutes)
Once diagnosed, the suitable tests will be made to discard some
that causes by means of general exploration and analysis of blood and tinkles.
Once discarded some cause for the same one, the affectation will be due to study that
been able to produce before its diagnosis, by means of:
x - rays.
study of the small blood vessels by means of the examination of the eye bottom.
Finally, other factors must look for that increase the risk of complications, like
or hiperlipemias (high
in the treatment:
to let smoke.
to let drink
of life style, avoiding
To learn to take the
and to do it every day can help us to improve the control of the
The antihypertensive medication is forced, if
the general measures and hygienic are not able to standardize the
(what they do in
great number of cases if they are made conscientiously)
Not to take anti -
, anticatarrhal or decongestant medication without consent of its
Animal poor man greasy.
To avoid the
and other drinks with caffein.
To avoid the
it is advised to follow the following diets:
Poor diet in "ample" salt.
Poor diet in strict salt.
The treatment successfully of some of the
can avoid it.
to the people with very positive familiar history is due to render.
The early treatment of the enferemdad avoids serious complications.
In most of the cases it is not known.
In, approximately 5 % of the cases, are secondary
renales and suprarrenales
of the arteries (
limitation (collapse) of the aorta.
Signs and symptoms.
does not produce, by
This one comes caused by its complications:
Confusion or loss of sensitivity in extremities, by the
Cough sanguinolenta or shortening of the breathing, by the affectation of the lungs.
Whip stalls of vision.
of the kidneys, etc. by the affectation of the circulation to the respective organs.
Factors of risk.
Age superior to 60 years.
Stimulating excess of
or drinks (with caffein)
Greasy and / or very salty diets.
Familiar history of
Medicine use certain:
suppresors of the appetite.
High levels of
or of lipids.