The stems of the fruit.
all species native to Europe, Asia Minor and North Africa.
Prunus, Latin name of the wild
. Avium, from the Latin, meaning of the birds, alluding to the consumption of fruit for the birds.
deciduous tree that can reach 25 meters in height, with the smooth crust, ringed, reddish
, which is apparent in wide - band cross. Leaves simple, oblong - ovate, acuminate, from 7. 5 - 12. 5 cm. and 3. 5 - 5 cm in length. width, booklets at the ends of short twigs. Irregularly serrated margin. Make hairless and instead more or less pubescent. Petiole 4 - 5 cm. long, with reddish 2 - 3 glands near the limbus. When falling leaves acquire
hue very decorative. White flowers 2 - 3 cm. in diameter that appear before or while the leaves. Is available in hacecillos axillary umbeliformes 2 - 6 cm. long, with long stems. Globose fruits, fleshy, depressed at the apex of 1 cm. in diameter, or slightly higher in reared. They are blackish -
, not pruinosos.
Cultivation and uses:
The wood is heavy, hard, highly esteemed in turnery, woodwork, for the manufacture of furniture, tools and sheets. Of fruit produced liquor known "Kirsch. " Cultivated as
fruit tree, and sometimes with ornamental purposes.
salts, tannins, flavonoids. The fruits are rich in anthocyanins.
The flavonoids and
salts give it diuretic properties. For its content in derivatives Salicylic be given
febrífugo and analgesic action.
The juice from the fruit (especially of varieties violacé) is
and is often used as flavoring syrups.
The acetone extract of the stems experimentally produced
cardiotonic effect, increasing the inotropic in
20 - 25% (Paris et al. 1995)
Properties and indications:
, and also cultivated, contain
balanced combination of active ingredients that make this product an excellent food - medicine:
easily assimilated sugars (including diabetics) in the form of fructose or levulose, whose number
from 3% to 15%.
) in appreciable amount, as well as small amounts of B vitamins and
and foremost, as well as
wide range of trace elements (
, etc. Which give the
remineralizing properties and toning the body.
acids: malic, and citric Succinic, whose percentage depends on your taste more or less acidic, and that act as stimulants and digestive glands as
Soluble fiber plant:
pectin in small quantity, which gives them
mild laxative effect.
Flavonoids, which make them slightly diuretic.
Salicylic acid in small proportion (about 2 mg per kilogram of
) which gives them some anti - inflammatory effect and antiartrítico.
The stems of the fruits (
stems) contain minerals (especially
) and flavonoids, principles to which they owe their mild diuretic action, secure and free from side effects. They constitute one of the best known diuretic plant. Will particularly benefit from this medicinal product:
The obese and pletóricos, who will lose
without risk of malnutrition or mineral imbalance. In addition,
are the property of alleviating the sense of hunger.
The arthritic and gout, who will lower the levels of uric acid in their blood and relieve joint pain.
Those who suffer from inflammation of the
) due to
or stone (
Those who suffer from constipation due to
slack because they possess
gentle laxative and tonic effect throughout the digestive duct.
Do not prescribe dosage forms with
under two years or consultants in the process of
Caution / Poisoning.
The use of diuretics in the presence of
, should be done only by prescription and under medical supervision, given the possibility of occurrence of decompensation or
, if the elimination of
is considerable, enhancing the effect of
Take into account the
content of the extract fluid and dyeing.
the cure of
are consumed as food only half
kilo of ripe fruit, 4 or 5 times
day for 1 - 2 days. If the
are wild, it is recommended to take
smaller amount, then contain
greater proportion of active ingredients. Those who suffer from weakness or gastric slow digestions, they must take the
boiled. It is recommended interlayer between takes of fruits, several cups of
In decoction of stems, making it boil 50 grams of
stems (fresh or dried) for 5 minutes. They take several cups
day, either alone or in combination with
Galenica forms / Dosage.
30 to 50 g / l, boil 10 minutes. Take half
day. If the stems are fresh, macerate for 12 hours in advance.
Fluid extract (1:
1) 30 - 50 drops, three to five times
day (1 to 3 g / day)
5) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times
Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986,
Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin,
. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980,
Fernandez, M; Nieto,
. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982,
Mulet, L. Ethnobotanical survey of the province of Castellon. Castellon: Provincial, 1991,
Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967,
Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied
. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995,
Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996,
Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo,
; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992,