; al. Fieberbaum, Blaugummibaum;
. Tasmanian blue
, Fever tree.
Leaf (filodios =)
This large tree whose trunk is exfoliates sheet,
particular flowers: when are buttons, the sepals form the four corners of
box with four sides whose top
four petals concrescentes.
The genus is
native of the Australian continent, some species also born in
manner in New Guinea and on some islands of the Indonesian archipelago. Many species have been introduced in many countries, including Spain.
As for most species of the genus, the main investigations have been directed to the study of the
oil of its leaves. In addition, there is the presence of polyphenolic compounds, an antioxidant beta - dicetona long chainand
terpenoids: the euglobales.
Polyphenols. Along with acidic phenols unimportant (gallic acid, gentisic, caféico, ferúlico. several flavonoids have been described: heterósidos of flavonols (rutoside, quercitrósido, hyper) and esters of flavones methylated in the wax Epicuticular.
Euglobales. Above all are in
buds; these compounds benzotetrahidropiránicos or dihidroxanténicos result from
acetogenins dialdéhidica floroglucinol type and
mono - or Sesquiterpenes (phellandrene, sabineno, biciclogermacreno)
oil. Its content
between 0. 5 and 3. 5%. The 1. 8 - cineol (= eucalyptol) is the one who is in greater proportion (70% minimum) is accompanied by about
hundred other components terpénicos hydrocarbons and alcohols monoterpenes, Sesquiterpenes, ketone, esters, hydrocarbons. In the
oil are not rectified aliphatic aldehydes.
Some of the properties recognized for their
have been the subject of numerous investigations: the case of their properties antitusivas, expectorants and antiseptic. There
also been demonstrated experimentally its hypoglycemic properties.
Whatever your route of administration, the
oil is removed in large part by
route, which justifies their interest in the case of
rinofaríngeas and bronco -
Its expectorant action. Although it is widely understood that the man, the
oil increases the secretion by acting directly on bronchial epithelial cells and through
mucolytic, the experimental results in animals provide conflicting results regarding possible morphological changes of the bronchial epithelium. The cíñelo and the
) behave as surfactants that reduce the surface
between water and air at the alveolar level without causing morphological changes in the epithelium.
small dose, the cíñelo increases lung capacity.
. Barteiostática and bactericidal actions have been studied and demonstrated in vitro against numerous pathogens (staphylococci, pneumococo, Proteus, coliform) and against fungi and yeast (Candida) Whatever the route of administration, the
oil is largely eliminated by
route, which justifies their interest in the case of
bronchopulmonary rinofaríngeas and tree.
On the other hand, it appears that
on the enzymes of
microsomes, speeding up the metabolism of some drugs. In rat,
demonstrated an exercise
Observations on the Man.
Numerous clinical studies have demonstrated pharmacological data from the
in case of
, especially in case of colibacillosis. Different measures carried out in Volumetric
volunteer group that presented
simple constipated, show that the mixture of
, menthol and
can induce an improvement in
The drug is used in the form of teas, capsules, syrups, pills, etc. In the treatment of mild
. Many specialties marketed indicated in the symptomatic treatment of
tract contain cineol or
oil. They also are used preparations for administration via outsourcing (antiseptic ointment) or inhaling (
At therapeutic doses (0, 06 - 0, 2 ml, for an
oil is not toxic. However, the ingestion of
few milliliters of pure
oil can be fatal in both adults and
, coma) The
. L. 50 (rat, per os) is 1. 68 mg / kg. In the tests of acute and subacute criomolida made with the drug administered to rats per os (3. 6 g / kg, 300 and 900 mg / kg / day for 5 weeks) there
been no toxic effects. The cineol is
neurotoxic, epileptógeno. In vitro, is inhibitor of tissue respiration and the ion exchange.
In Spain authorizing the use of this plant for ailments of the
: throat, nose, sinuses, and bronchial
. Acute conditions of the
Not recommended during
or in lactation. Do not use
oils including inhalation in
under two years.
short and crooked,
blade, coriaceous and narrow, grayish green on both sides. The limbo
nerviaciones secondary to unite on the sidelines and watch the shows to light, many secretory esquizógenas bags. It can reach 25 cm in length and the width
from 2 to 5 cm. The microscopic examination of the superior court in
tissue sample cross fence bifacial in limbo and
nerviación beam liberoleñosos (one
and two inverted) fitted with perforated fabric perimedular.
oil content is at least 2%. The
. allows to verify the presence of cineol and the absence of citronelal.
dans les reboisements.
. O. Forêt No 11, Rome, 1982.
oils and aroma chemicals from
. 9, 12 - 01) 1 - 14, 1985.
. BOUKEF, G. BALANSARD, M. LALLEMAND and
Etude et des hétérosides isolated agycones flavoniques des - feui.
For details of
Plantes Méd. Phytother. 10, 30 - 35, 1976.
. Komiya. M. HORIE, M. GOTO, M. Kozuke.
Isolation and characterization of euglobals from
Bulus Labill. by preparative reserved - phase
J. Chromatogr. 208) 347 - 355, 1981.
. Komiya and M. GOTO.
The granulation - inhibiting principles from
Labill. II. The structures of euglobal LA1, LA2 - lb, lc - eleventh - LLB.
Chem. Pharm. Bull, 30, 1952 - 1963, 1982.
. Osawa & M. NAMIKI.
novel type of Antioxidant isolated from leaf of wax -
Agric. Biol. Chem. 45, 735 - 739, 1981.
, an Thérapeutiques d'avenir?
Act. Pharm. 154) 23 - 30, 1979.
. S. Zanker, W. TOLLE, G. BLÜMEL and J. PROBST.
Evaluation of surfactant - like effects commonly used
Respiration, 39, 150 - 157, 1980.
. DI SALLE and R. PESCADOR.
On the inducing
J. Pharm. Pharmac. 24, 464 - 469, 1972; see also Jori et al.
Eur. J. Pharmacol. 9, 362 - 366, 1970.
. BASTIDE and B. JOLY.
Essai d'computer use
oils in milieu hospitalier.
Phytotherapy, 11) 17 - 27, 1984.
B. M. COHEN and Dressler.
Aromatics Acute inhalation modifies the airways. Effects of the.
Respiration, 43, 285 - 293, 1982.
S. PATEL and J. WIGGINS.
Arch. Dis. Child. 55, 405 - 406, 1980.
, toxicological dossier
. STEINMETZ, M. VIAL and Y.
Actions de l'huile esentielle of romarim et de certains de ses.
constituants (eucalyptol the
) sur le cortex cérébralde.
Rat in vitro.
J. Toxicol. Clin. Exp. 7, 259 - 271, 1987.
whose treatment is appropriate in this plant.