black, al. Schwarzer Rettich; Eng.
herbaceous plant, usually bisanual, leaves alternate and rough to the touch. It
white flowers that are grouped in clusters. The petals are unguiculados, the androecium tetradínamo (6 stamens of which two are smaller) The fruit is
siliqua swollen and spongy.
(not to be confused with
L. is grown for thousands of years. Of uncertain
, can descend from the wild
(R. raphanistrum L. found from the Atlantic to the Volga.
The analysis of the composition of this edible root
from researchers. Its fiber content is important. This is accompanied by fiber carbohydrates, amino acids and vitamins.
The characteristic features are
compounds: glucosinolates. These molecules, still called "heterósidos
, " heterosídicos anionic compounds are responsible for the strong odor that
the Brasicáceas and other families nearby. The compound is the main 3 - methyl indolil glucosinolates, classically known as "glucobrasicina. " Unstable molecule which is degraded in isothiocyanate - 3 - methyl indole by an enzyme that is always present in such plants: the tioglucósido glucohidrolasa. The presence, after hydrolysis of isothiocyanate
- 4 - methylthio - 3 - butenyl indicates that there is another glucosinolate in the drug. He also mentioned the sulforafeno and allyl isothiocyanate derived from the degradation of the glucorafanina and sinigrósido [578, 580] It is known that, under certain conditions of pH, the glucosinolates can thiocyanates and isothiocyanates that are likely to end up in nitriles. It does not seem that these side effects have been, in the event of
black, the subject of investigations.
Of all the virtues that tradition attributes to the black
small number of them have been subjected to pharmacological studies.
diuretic: The black
is active per os in the rat.
been found in the same animal, after
long - term treatment (6 weeks)
increase in the size of the
implanted in the
hepatobiliary: According to the literature, the black
stimulates bile secretion and causing
contraction of the gallbladder, which facilitates the removal of debris: one speaks of "draining the liver".
products from the degradation of glucosinolates are antibacterial in vitro against Staphylococcus aureus and other germs.
The glucosilonatos micronutrients would be protectors of the harmful action of genotoxic agents.
Observations on the Man.
Clinical studies are not very abundant. You can highlight an essay with that achieved very good results with black
in cases of slow digestion, postprandial heaviness, hichamiento epigastric.
The drug is used in powdered form,
is also used in the form of juice extracted from fresh drugs, syrup,
tincture and numerous dietary preparations. These various preparations are proposed in case of "liver migraines, " stone, cholecystitis,
. Homeopathy uses the drug frequently. Cosmetology used in hair products due to possible action of the components of
. The volatility in glucosilonatos raises the issue of the
of the active and how Galenica.
The result, very bulky, can reach 50 cm in length. Thick, fleshy, swollen, with grooves and rough, is white on the inside and black on the outside. The smell is strong and pungent
. The identification of the drug begins the characterization of
compounds (formation of lead sulphide) and the study by thin layer chromatography
tincture of ethanol (to reveal
) There is no particular method for the quantitative study of the drug: you can identify the volatile products (after hydrolysis) and analyzed by gas chromatography. The colorimetry of isothiocyanates is possible,
does not take into account the rest of the products derived from the glucosinolates.
. O. LARSEN.
The biochemistry of plants,
. STUMPF and
. CONN. Eds. London, Academic Press, vol 7,
. 501 - 525, 1981.
Divergence, Convergence, and paralelism in phytochemical characters: the glucosinolate - myrosinase
. In: Phytochemistry and Angiosperm Phylogeny, DA YOUNG and
. S. Seigle, eds. New York, Praeger,
. 43 - 79, 1981.
. WILKINSON, M. J.
. RHODES and R. G. FENWICK.
J. Sci. Food. Agric. 35, 543 - 552, 1984.
. Delaveau Radis noir.
Act. Pharm. 204) 33 - 34, 1983.
. Kjaer, J. Ø. MADSEN, Y. MAEDA, Y. Ozawa and Y. UDA.
Volatiles in DISTILLATE of fresh
Agric. Biol. Chem. 42, 1715 - 1721, 1978.
J. LUTOMSKI and
Schwarzrettich als Quelle einige Phytopharmaka.
Pharmacie in our Zeit, 11, 151 - 155, 1982.
. Racza - KOTTILA, I. Formanek and G. Racza.
Action diurétique prévention et de la formation des calculs of urinaires of certain plant preparations.
Plantes Méd. Phytother. 7, 250 - 254, 1973.
. ESAKI and
Antimicrobial action of pungent principles in
Eiyo to Shokuryo, 35, 207 - 211, 1982. Chem. Abstracts. 97W, 178. 620t, 1982)
Food and ethilogycal du du colon
Cah. Nutr. Diet. 24, 375 - 380, 1989.
Contribution to the use of Radis noir in phytothérapie.
Phytotherapy, 7) 25, 1983.
whose treatment is appropriate in this plant.