Diverticula are bags to the outside that form in the large
We suffered between 20 and 50% of Western populations greater than fifty years.
Its importance lies in the clinical similarity with colon
, which must always be ruled out in the presence of clinical attributable to the diverticula.
When you are infected is
This is more
in males than females.
is not all covered with
, such as thin.
The musculature is reduced to three strips along its circumference.
When the pressure inside the large
long time, usually in the context of
long - term constipation, the internal coating of the colon using vein protruding nutritional.
been attributed to the lack of fiber in the Western diet (that is virtually unknown in the populations of underdeveloped countries)
Sometimes they are remnants of food inside one of them, causing
of the same, which is called diverticulitis.
Signs and symptoms.
produces no symptoms; at most vague
of discomfort in the sides of the abdomen.
Listed in the framework of
relatively fixed in the affected area,
oramiento constipation, and pain that worsens with defecation,
Ýcula and affection of the general state.
In one of every four patients there is rectal
it usually microscopic.
Possibly diet low in waste.
Possibly taking diets rich in waste is useful.
Diagnosis and Treatment.
The diagnosis of diverticulitis is often casual, the conduct
study with colon contrast (opaque enema) for other reasons.
The diverticulitis is daignostican by the
or its complications.
, is always ruled out the presence of
, which will be used primarily for fiber - optic endoscope (the introduction of
tube to view and take samples from the interior of the large
in its entirety)
does not require special treatment.
The treatment of diverticulitis depends on its severity. Once diagnosed, may be treated at
or require hospital admission.
Sometimes it will require the surgical treatment of diverticulitis.
Increase the amount of waste in the diet.
requires no special medication.
Diverticulitis require treatment with antibiotics and anti - inflammatory.
Drink plenty of fluids.
Diets rich in waste.
are advised to follow the following diets:
Diet high in fiber (laxative)
Diet with plenty of waste.
The most serious complication of diverticulitis that is masked with colorectal
Diverticulitis can be punctured, leaving the abdominal cavity causing
, always serious.
This drill may also be made to another hollow viscera, causing internal fistulas (if it is to
, feces leave with the urine, if it is towards the small
, there will be
"blind loop syndrome", with
and nutritional repercussions.
The prognosis is good for
Does not always end up in diverticulitis.
His disappearance is doubtful.
more serious prognosis, because its complications can be fatal,
timely and proper treatment (which may be surgical) tend to heal.