cinchona sp.

QUINO (cinchona sp.) - HIPERnatural.COM
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cinchona sp.
Thanks to the plantations of machines that the Dutch acclimatize in the nineteenth century in Java, Indonesia at present, this island remains one of the world's major producers of machine.

A sprig of Quino, which shows the detail of a flower. Native of the Andes, was released in Europe by the Jesuits. An attempt was made to his acclimatization in the Mediterranean area, but did not succeed, so we sought in Asia, finally reaching its cultivation on the island of Java. Its bark is removed from the dust of quinine, an appetite stimulant and digestive.

At present, the bark of the machines is used by the pharmaceutical industry for the extraction of various drugs, but when the Spanish arrived in Peru, the Indians knew well that tree, but hid their properties to foreigners. In the century XVll the counts of Chinchón, viceroys of Peru, the Quino offered to the Jesuits, who studied and spread their knowledge throughout Europe, so the drug was extracted powder called the Jesuits.

FEATURES: Quino is a generic name given to several species (more than two dozen) of trees originating in America, belonging to the genus Cinchona, whose bark, bark called, are extracted various substances, including quinine, used to fight malaria. Trees are over 10 meters high, some up to 30. The flowers, white or pink, are grouped to form ears. The machines are the most prized growing in the province of Loja, Ecuador. It is also called cascarillero, husks and cuarango.

LOCATION: Andes, in no more than 100 Km. wide, between 1, 000 and 3, 000 m above sea level. It is a strip of about 3, 000 km. longitude that crosses Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, warm and rainy, with plenty of sunshine and dense fog.

ACTIVE: The machine, ie, the bark of Quino, is of complex composition, particularly rich in alkaloids, of which quinine is the most interesting. It also is a principle and a bitter substance that gives the crust its particular flavor.

Medicinal properties: The powder machine stimulates the appetite and facilitate digestion. But the importance of the machine is due to the alkaloids (quinine and other similar substances) of stimulating action on the nervous system, triggers breathing, albeit at high doses exert the opposite effect, weakening the movement to completely stop breathing. In a similar way affect the heart muscle, stimulating at low doses and exercise to increase the opposite action. Quinine also power the digestive action of tannin.

Quinine is used in the pharmaceutical industry in the treatment of malaria (a disease also known as malaria) because it makes lower fever.

COLLECTION: The trees are cut down at ground level and hulling. Crusts are stretched and left to dry flat. In the Java plantations, trees are uprooted to build on the bark of the roots.

APPLICATIONS AND USES: The bark is dried and pulverized dust machine, the most common form of use. From the powder is used in herbal teas or in tincture and as a digestive tonic. It also takes as its wine of cinchona (quinine mixed.

Quinine, an alkaloid obtained from] powder machine is used in the pharmaceutical industry to combat malaria due to its antipyretic action, that is, against the fever.

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