Cardiac valve disorders
Cardiac valve disorders
Complication of some
, that distorts or destroys the valves of the heart.
The four valves can be affected
he is much more frequent in those of the left camera (mitral and aortic) that in those of the right (
It can affect any age, without
It depends on the
Many complications of the
valvulares can be controlled with medication or be cured with surgery.
of the valves.
(the heart does not support the overload produced by the
Diagnosis and treatment.
File and physical examination by
Analysis of blood.
, sometimes through the
X - rayses of the heart, lungs and sanguineous flow (angiography)
The treatment is based on:
Surgery to replace or to open the defective valves (some times)
, dentist or anesthetist who are going to him to deal with which he
an affection of the
Recuérdeselo, although thinks that already they know the details his medical file.
Antibiotics to deal with or to prevent the
Antiarrhythmic drugs to fight the irregularities of the heart rate.
Medication with digitalis to reinforce or to regularize the heart rate.
Diuréticos to reduce the overload
All the one that can tolerate.
With certain forms of affection of the
valves the restrictions are not necessary.
Low in fats and salt.
Warn its medico if.
They appear signs of
fatigue and general malaise.
It presents / displays
sudden worsening of the symptoms.
Ask for medical treatment for
that cause injuries of the
valves, like the
Take antibiotics for the
by estreptococos to prevent the
familiar antecedents of
of the heart, requests
advising before having
Signs and symptoms.
Without symptoms (sometimes)
Fatigue and weakness.
Mareos or fadings.
Lack of air.
Irregularities of the heart rate.
blowings (abnormal sounds of the heart that the
by means of fonendoscopio listens to)
(high or low)
Factors of risk.
Age superior to 60 years.
Familiar antecedents of affection of the
Fatigue or excess of work.
Drug administration by parenteral route.
The mitral and the tripeak (main valves) control the sanguineous flow between the auricles, receiving of the blood, and the ventricles, that impel it.
and aortic prevent that the blood returns haca the heart after its impulsion by the ventricles.
The affection of the
valves can consist of the narrowing of the valves (estenosis) that obstructs the sanguineous flow, or of the widening or healing of the valves, that allow that the blood returns backwards (insufficiency)
can be inherited or be caused by:
complication of faringoamigdalítis by estreptococos)
defects of the heart.
of the valves (
) after an
in the blood (the autoinyección of drugs, entails
very high risk)