, generally in
side, that usually is accompanied by nauseas, weakness and
episode can last from 2 to 48 hours.
It is commonest in women.
can have many causes, here we will be centered in the idiopáticos or without
Of between these (migraines in cluster, jaquecas and migrañas) by its frequency we will fit ourselves to these last ones.
The exact cause is not known.
It seems to be related to the mechanisms of
neurtransmisión and the changes in the sanguineous flows.
There are leading mechanisms like:
and certain foods (cheeses, chocolate, etc.
Signs and symptoms.
Person varies of person to,
"dawn" exists that always precedes to the
, in which the Vista, the sense of smell or hearing are affected, being the same one in
The pain settles down progressively and is intense in
side of the head.
It can cause nauseas and vomit.
Factors of risk.
Familiar history of migrañas.
Medicine use without control.
Some medications reduce the symptoms and they even prevent the
Diagnosis and treatment.
The diagnosis is clinical, after making analysis of
. G. among others, to discard underlying causes.
To apply to
rag or ice at the top.
To rest in the dark in
room during several hours.
, lights and noises.
Ergotamina, aspirin, paracetamol and ibuprofeno.
In more severe cases codeine.
The antihistamine ones improve the expansion of the
The vasoconstrictores narrow the
The adrenérgicos drugs beta usually are beneficial in some individuals.
Recently antagonistic serotoninérgicos have been commercialized (
messenger) that seem very effective for jugular an
that, to the being very powerful, will have to be prescribed by the
Migraña of more than 72 hours, that lead to
The symptoms are controlled with the treatment.
The duration of the
usually diminishes in the time.