Malta fever (brucellosis)

Disease information

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Malta fever (brucellosis)
Malta fever (brucellosis)

A bacterial infection transmitted to humans through cows, pigs, sheep or goats infected. It is not contagious between people.

Subsequent blood - producing organs, including bone marrow, lymph glands, liver and spleen.

Although affects both sexes at any age, more often in men between 20 and 60 years of age.





brain or.

liver (very rare)

Chronic disease and disability after an inadequate treatment.


In general, is cured with treatment at 3 to 4 weeks.

Diagnosis and Treatment.


Clinical history and recognition by your doctor.

Analysis of blood.

X - rays of column.

All members of the family might have contacted the disease by eating infected with the same milk products must undergo medical checkups and diagnostic tests.

General Measures.

Are not necessary.

The disease is not contagious between people.


The treatment is done through antibiotics for the infection, such as tetracycline, for at least 3 weeks.

It also can prescribe medication based on cortisone to reduce inflammation in severe cases. Muscle pain relievers.


Rest in bed until you submit fever and other symptoms.

Go back to your normal activities gradually.


No special diet.

Increase the calories in the event of significant loss of weight.

Call your doctor if you:

Undulant fever symptoms (fever that rises and lowers throughout the week)

Reappear fever or other symptoms after treatment.


Do not drink unpasteurized milk.

Use gloves and aprons when working with animals.

Risk Factors.

Pernicious anemia or after stomach surgery.

These conditions result in the reduction of stomach acid, these acids reduce the chances of infection.

People who work with animals, such as farmers, butchers and veterinary (Occupational disease)


Brucella infection by the bacteria that is transmitted to humans through unpasteurized milk, dairy products (butter, cheese) or meat products.

Signs and symptoms.

This disease is a chronic and acute form.

In the acute form, appear suddenly, the following symptoms:


Intermittent fever,


Fatigue pronounced,

Sensitivity in the column,

Headache and.

Swollen lymph glands.

In the chronic form, the following symptoms appear gradually:


Muscle pain,

Back pain,


Weight loss.


Sexual impotence,

Abscesses in the ovaries, kidney and brain (rare)

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