Disease information

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To know how to recognize the symptoms that announce an infarct is very important since the immediate medical attention, can avoid fatal results.

The cardiac attack, also known like acute infarct myocardium, is one of the most common manifestations and dangerous of the coronary disease or cardiopathy and it takes place generally by a prolonged process in which the fat plates, in their majority of cholesterol, are obstructing the arteries and reducing the sanguineous flow that arrives at the heart.

The arterial, also well - known coronary disease as arteriosclerosis is the slow and quiet result of the blockade of some of the arteries that irrigate blood to the heart and supplies of oxygen and other nutrimentos to the myocardium.

The blockade takes place by the lipid deposit (greasy) mainly of cholesterol, underneath the weave that has the interior of the arteries (endotelio) The reduction of the sanguineous flow causes the coronary formation of clots or trombosis that can cause the blockade definitive and with it the death of the zone of the cardiac muscle that was nourished by that glass,

The magnitude of the damage depends on the amount of time that passes from the moment at which that part of the heart lets receive oxygen. For that reason the medical consultation is fundamental before the first signs of a cardiac attack.

But, which are the symptoms of an infarct?

Sensation of oppression, slowness, incomodidad or fullness in the center of the chest, during two minutes or more.

Pain that extends by the chest towards shoulders, the neck, the jaw or the arms and / or back.

Pain chest associated to confusion, mareos, faints, fading, perspiration, nauseas, palpitaciones, difficult breathing and sudden lack of air or sensation of breathlessness.

Before the appearance of these symptoms it is necessary to go quickly to a hospital and not to wait for, since most of the deaths by infarct they appear during the first hour to appear the symptoms and in many cases this happens because the symptoms disappear momentarily to return later.

It is important to know that also the attacks of panic or anxiety can present / display symptoms such, pulmonía and embolia pulmonary also presents / displays pain chest with difficult breathing. In many occasions the pain chest also is caused by stomach acidity and it intensifies when inclining or recostar themselves, but always it is important to make case to the symptoms, since single the doctor will be able to identify his origin and causes.

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