cymbopogon citratus

CANA SANTA (cymbopogon citratus) - HIPERnatural.COM
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cymbopogon citratus
Cymbopogon citratus (DC. Stapf.

Other Common Names.

Cañita holy Cane lemon, Cañuela holy Cañita lemon.

Botanical family.

Poaceae (Graminae)


Perennial herb, robust, up to 1 m in height. Alimonado leaves with aroma, grouped near the base, linear, up almost 1 m in length, with the cutting edge.


Perennial plant that usually does not thrive in the country. In the event that becomes apparent flowering, is advanced in the spring.


India and other parts of Southeast Asia. At present remains cultivated in many tropical countries of the Old and New World.


In courtyards and gardens. Taken to commercial cultivation in Alquizar, Havana and pilot scale in other regions (eg Guantanamo) Are easily obtained in markets for herbs.

Useful part.

The leaves.

Form collection.

Can be done at any time of year. Cut the leaves to no less than 10 cm. soil surface, to allow recovery of the foliage.

Medicinal properties recognized.

System: Pharmacological Action:

Cardio - circulatory antihypertensive.

Digestive antispasmodic.


Antifungal skin and mucosa.


Dosage forms described.

Medicinal plant.

Route of administration.

Oral Topic.

Other properties attributed.

Even unapproved)

Anticatarral, febrífugo, Antitusivo, estomáquico, Carmine, diaphoretic, expectorant, anxiolytics.


The silica present in the leaves can cause ulcers.

Other Uses.

Food industry and perfumery; flavoring feed, as a source of citral, useful in the synthesis of vitamin A, such as forage (after distillate oil) To prevent erosion on sloping land.


Essential oil with high content of citral (75 - 85%) and geraniol, linalol, metilheptona, citronelal, limonene, diterpene and other substances.


Are vegetatively propagated by fragments (with part of stem) of the tiller or camp. Plant directly into the ground to 90x30 cm.

Tolerate any kind of soil and no major cultural requirements. The first crop of leaves can be performed at 4 months after planting. For commercial use, subsequent harvests can be performed every 3 months.

Preparation and Dosage.

INFUSION: Put 10 - 20 g of fresh leaves and shredded in a liter of boiling water. To stand for 10 - 15 minutes. For domestic consumption by using a filter cloth or canvas fine. Oral take 500 - 700 ml per day in 2 - 3 doses. Infusion topically applied directly onto the affected area 2 - 3 times a day.

Other Names:

Herb pharm Andropogonis.

Burmese Zabalin, Sabalin.

Chinese Canga - Mao, Mao Xiang Cao, Mao Heung tsu, Ching tong.

Croatian Vlaska.

Czech Citrónová through.

Danish Citrongræs.

Dutch Citroengras, Sereh.

English Lemon grass, Citronella.

Estonian Harilik sidrunhein.

Fante Ti - Ahab.

Finnish Sitruunaruoho.

French Verveine des Indes.

Ga - Dangme Ti - ba.

German Zitronengras, Citronella, Lemongras.

Greek? Eµ? t? T a (Cymbopogon nardus)

Lemonochorto; Kitronella (Cymbopogon nardus)

Hebrew limonite.

Hindi Sera, Verveine.

Hmong Tawj dub.

Hungarian Citromfu, Citronella.

Icelandic Sítrónugras.

Indonesian Sereh.

Italian Cimbopogone.

Laotian If Khai, Khai Sing.

Khmer Bai mak nao, Slek krey sabou, Kuel skey.

Malay Serai, Serai dapur.

Polish Palczatka cytrynowa; Palczatka pogieta (Cymbopogon flexuosus)

Portuguese Capim - saint, Erva - Cidreira, Erva - Prince, Capim - cidrão.

Romanian Iarba lemon.


Limonnoe sorghum.

Slovak Vônovec.

Slovenian Limonska through.

Spanish Zacate lemon, lemon Te.

Swedish Citrongräs.

Tangled Tagalog, Salai.

Tamil Servi - Pillu, Vasanai - Puthu.

Thai Ta krai, Cha krai, Soete kroei.

Turkish Limon UTO.

Vietnamesisch Xa, Sa Chanh; Sa IUD (C. flexuosus)

Bibliographic references.

Carvajal, Daysi A. et al. Pharmacological evaluation of decoctions of medicinal plants with reports in folk medicine as cardiac, or hypotensive antiasmático. Journal of Medicinal Plants 3: 15 - 22, 19, 983.

Granda, M. V. Sources and C. Gutierrez. Phenological studies on medicinal plants VI. Rev Cub Farm 20 (3) 243 - 251, 1986.

Roig, J. T. Medicinal plants, aromatic or poisonous to Cuba. Havana: Editorial Scientific Technical, 1988. 1125p.

Pousset, J. L. Medicinal plants africaines. Utilisation practices. Paris: Ed. Marketing, 1989.

Reynolds, J. E. F. Editor) Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia. London: The Pharmaceutical Press, 1989, 1896p.

Gutierrez, C. Dinah Garcia, Irina Ramos, Martha Martinez and Oristela Galiano. action of antifungal creams that contain oil of Cymbopogon citratus. Abstracts VI Matchday Scientific Company Lab. Mario - Munoz. La Habana. Feb. 1990.

Robineau, L. Towards a Caribbean pharmacopoeia. Sto. Sunday: enda - caribe / UNAH, 1991. 475p.

MINSAP. NRSP 307: 91. Cana leaves saint. Specifications.

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