Anal Fissure

Disease information

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Anal Fissure
Anal fissure.

Cracking or tearing of the anal tissue sensitive.

It affects all ages, but is most common in infants, young children and adults over 60 years.

Affects more women than men.


Permanent scars that prevent the normal bowel movement.


Most adults are recovering after treatment, thus avoiding surgery. Almost all infants and toddlers are recovered once it reblandecen depositions.

Diagnosis and Treatment.


History and physical examination by your physician.

Examinations of the anus and rectum with a sigmoidoscope or Anuscopy to rule out other causes.



Medical treatment.

Surgery to remove the crack or to modify the muscle that contracts and prevents scarring.


Measures to be taken with children to prevent constipation while heal the fissures:

With infants.

Before going to bed, fill a syringe rubber (or Enema) with common mineral oil. Gently insert the tip and inject a bit of mineral oil into the rectum of the baby.

Repeat the next morning.

If there is no bowel movement, repeating at noon.

After it has moved the gut, clean the anus carefully with water and cotton.

With babies and older adults.

Carefully inject 113 g of mineral oil into the rectum. You can use a towel to rinse the excess oil during the night.

To soothe muscle spasms and pain around the anus, apply a warm towel in the area.

The bathrooms seat also calm the pain. Using 20 cm. of boiling water 2 or 3 times daily for 10 to 20 minutes. Careful not to burn children.


For lighter pain, can be applied as paracetamol medicines or topical anesthetics.

After the bath seat, applying ointment containing zinc oxide to help heal the rift.

Use mineral oil as a laxative for young children:

Give the child a spoonful by mouth for every 5 pounds of body weight.

Repeat daily for about 2 weeks after the blood has disappeared from the faeces.

After administration of mineral oil, wait several hours before giving vitamins to children.

The mineral oil prevents the absorption of vitamins and other nutrients. Activity:

Without restrictions.

Physical activity reduces the chance of constipation.


The best is a diet rich in fiber and fluids to prevent constipation.

With this disease are advised to follow the following diets:

Diet high in fiber (laxative)

Diet with plenty of waste.

Risk Factors / Prevention.

Risk factors: Constipation.

Multiple pregnancies.


Avoid constipation by:

The intake of at least 8 glasses of water a day.

A diet rich in fiber.

The use of stool softeners or laxatives.

Do not squeeze too to expel the stool.


Stretch the tissue of the anus caused by the passage of hard stools and bulky.

Signs and symptoms.

Acute pain to the passage of hard stools or bulky.

Spills of blood on toilet paper, diapers or underwear.

Itching around the rectum.

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