Disease information

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Fracture of hip.

Complete rupture or partial of the head of fémur, that articulates in the hip with the bones pélvicos. el greater bone of the joint of the hip.


The breakage by common traumatismos affects to both sexes and all the ages.

The spontaneous breakage or the breakage caused by smaller injuries mainly affects the people of age superior to the 70 years.


Usually one cures with surgery and rehabilitation.


Infection of the surgical wound.

Damages in the nerves and the blood vessels in the zone of the fracture.

Added breakup.

Lack of sanguineous irrigation in the injured zone, that causes the death of weaves of the bone.

Bad healing (bad union) of the fracture.

Clots of blood due to the confinement in the bed and the restriction of activities, that happen towards the lungs.


Asegúrese to take the calcium that needs (between 1000 and 1500 mg to the day) by means of milk and milky products or supplements calcium.

Protéjase against the falls, mainly in its house (eye with carpets and esterillas)

The women would have to consult to their doctor the possibility of taking estrogens when the menopause begins.

Diagnosis and treatment.


The diagnosis is made by means of the clinical inspection.

It is confirmed by means of x - ray.


Except for rare cases, surgical, according to type of fracture, returns to locate fragments in his site and they maintain by means of "nail - plate" or head extirpates and prótesis replaces by "of caderal" (partial, if it leans on the bones of pelvis, total if it leans on an artificial cazoleta to intention) although are more options.

General measures.

Unlike most of the fractures, those of hip (after the operation) they do not need stucco.

After the surgery, it is possible to be bathed and to be showered as usual.

It can carefully wash the incision with not perfumed smooth soap.

The bandages are optional.

The heat mitigates the pain the incision. Use an electrical pad, a solar lamp or a towel soaked in tempered and slipped water.


His doctor can prescribe:


Antibiotics to fight the infection when it is necessary.

Softeners of lees to avoid the constipation.

Anticoagulants (Heparina) to prevent the complications with the operation.


When waking up of the anesthesia, it often moves the affected leg to reduce the possibility of blood clots.

Most of the surgeons orders the patients to rise and to take some steps as rapidly as possible.

Resume its activities gradually as soon as it begins the healing.

Diet Liquid the first day after the surgery, soon nothing special.

Ask its doctor if it would have to take supplements from calcium.

Warn its medico if.

Call immediately if it has entumecimiento or loss of sensitivity underneath the site of the fracture. It is an emergency.

It happens the following thing after the operation:

Inflammation raises or underneath the site of the fracture.

It has muscular chills, fever, pains or migraines.

It increases the pain, the inflammation, the reddening or secretion in the place of the surgery.

It has constipation.

Note lack of air.


Unbearable pain when trying to walk.

Inflammation, sensitivity and hematoma in the zone of the hip.

Deformed appearance of the hip. In the most typical fractures the member is shortened in relation to the other, ligéramente doubled by the knee and with pié outwards.

Signs and symptoms.

Ocular pain.

Fotofobia (sensitivity to the light)


Factors of risk.

Activities that increase the danger of traumatismos.

Osteoporosis, specially the one that appears after the menopause.

Cancer of bone.

Variety of medications, that diminishes the warning signs.

Calcium imbalance.

Bad feeding, specially with insufficiency of calcium and proteins.

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