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Family: Rosaceae.

Place of origin: Species native to Europe and West Asia.

Etymology: Prunus, Latin name of the wild plum. Spinosa, from the Latin spinosus - a - um, equipped with thorns.

Description: While generally not going to kill or shrub, can be a seedling of up to 6 m. tall, with the intricate and thorny twigs. Leaves fabrics, simple, lanceolate or trasovado - elliptic, sharp, serrated edge. 2 - 4, 5 cm measured. long and 1 - 2 cm. wide. The beam is hairless and the underside pubescent or with a few hairs, ending hairless over time. Very abundant flowers, usually lateral, solitary or occasionally in pairs. Measured 1 - 2 cm. in diameter and are white. The flowers appear in April before the leaves. Globose fruits of 10 - 12 mm. in diameter, erect, black, blue, hairless, something pruinosos, sour taste.

Cultivation and uses: The wood is used in the manufacture turnery and batons. In some countries manufacture alcoholic beverages with the fermentation of the sloe. In Spain it is used in the manufacture of the famous "Pacho".

Used Part.

The fruits, occasionally the leaves, flowers and bark.

Active Principles.

Tannins, organic acids, sucrose, pectin, gum; flavonoids: rutoside, hyper, quercitrósido, pruniciamida (pigment)

Drug Action.

Fruits: astringent (antidiarrheal healing) stimulating the central nervous system.

Flowers: laxative, diuretic, expectorant.

Bark, leaves: hypoglycemic, spasmolytic, antipyretic, anti - inflammatory.


Fruits: diarrhea, stomatitis, gingivitis, thrush, pharyngitis.

Flowers: constipation, oliguria, cystitis, urolithiasis, bronchitis, emphysema.

Leaves, bark: hyperglycemia, asthma, colds, flu, injuries, bruises, boils.

Caution / Poisoning.

The crust (of the roots, trunk or branches) can be toxic.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Decoction (fruit) one tablespoon per cup soup, simmer 5 minutes. Drink at will.

Decoction 2 - 3% (bark, leaves) one tablespoon per cup of dessert, and simmer 5 minutes to infuse for 10. Two cups per day, after meals. Also in external application on the affected area.

Infusion (flowers) one tablespoon per cup of dessert, infuse 10 minutes, two or three cups a day.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, p. 207.

Gupta, MP. 270 Medicinal Plants Ibero - American. Santafe de Bogota: Latin American Program of Science and Technology for Development (CYTED) 1995, pp. 468 - 70.

Le Floc'h, E. Etude Ethnobotanique une contribution to the Flore Tunisienne. Imprimerie officielle de la République Tunisienne, 1983, p. 113.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, p. 413.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996, p. 281.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, p. 574.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 322 - 3.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 190.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 193; 393.

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