anacardium occidentale

MARAÑÓN (anacardium occidentale) - HIPERnatural.COM
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anacardium occidentale

Botanical: Anacardium occidentale L.

Castilian: cashew, cashew, merey, alcayoiba, caujil, acajú, cashew Jacot, canjil.

Portuguese: canjueiro, fava of malaqua.

English: cashew - nut.

French: Noix of Cajou.



Part Medicinal.

Its seeds or nuts, but are also used to a lesser extent the stems and fleshy resin.

Type of plant.

It is a small tree branches and bark of the widely used color dark ashy.


India and South America.


Up to 5 m.


Alternate, simple, ovadas, whole, obtuse.

They have a length of up to 11 cm.

Born of short petioles.


Very numerous, small, irregular and very fragrant.

They are arranged in panicles lax, Mushroom and terminals.

Your cup has 5 segments and its Corolla 5 petals that are white with reddish venillas or sometimes pink. At its center is 8 to 10 stamens.


It is also sometimes called "cashew apple. " This is a drupe up to 3 cm. in diameter. It is golden yellow, obovate. It has a pleasant flavor and acid astringente. La seed is attached and hangs at the end of the cashew apple, so arriñonada. Measured up to 1. 5 cm. in length and is protected by two decks. Between the two decks, in the mesocarp, there is an oily liquid, viscous and resinous that is caustic and causes irritation, forming bladders when it comes into contact with the mucous membrane of the mouth or skin. The seed is a achene.


It is very cultured and expanded in many areas of East and West Africa, especially in Madagascar and Angola. It grows in altitudes between 300 and 1000 m.



Gallic acid.


Gum - resin.

Anacardeína (protein)

Liquid mesocarp.

10% fat.

Cardol (active caustic and blistering)


Acid cashew.


Gallic acid.



Coloring matter.


Nutritive (seeds)


Stimulating the intellect.

Healing (Via external)

Antiulcer (Via external)


Inappetence sexual (seeds)

Lack of memory (seeds)

Dementia (bark)

Loss of memory (bark)

Weakness of nervous origin (bark)

Edema of the legs (bark)

Corns, calluses and warts (via outsourcing, reddish fluid located between the two cuticles of the pulp and juice)

Torpid ulcers, eczema and psoriasis (via outsourcing, reddish fluid located between the two cuticles of the pulp and juice)

Peeling of the skin (via outsourcing, reddish liquid (diluted) located between the two cuticles of the pulp and juice)


In the treatments through outsourcing must be taken into consideration that the reddish fluid located between the two cuticles, as well as the juice from the pulp, are acidic and corrosive.


Cold maceration of the bark.

100 grams per liter of cold water. It takes 3 to 4 per day copitas.

Mother tincture.

Up to 1 drop by internal.


Comment by John Gerard:

"The call of the Portuguese Fava malaqua, Haba Malacca: y is green and is hung from the tree, similar to a Jewish, although much larger. When it is dry, has a glossy black color and contains between the outer shell and some inner causticity acute oil, which burns the skin, called Mel Anacardium. The Indians, for pure pleasure, scratch the fruit with a needle or something sharp, and put the pieces in a flame or candle, causing lights and fireworks many strange colors that are the pleasure of those who watch and the surprise of those who never saw "".

Rubber "acajou".

Is extracted through incisions in the trunk, which exudes a milky latex that turns black color on drying. In India this is used as a rubber coating and insecticide.

Wine of cashew.

It is obtained from the pericarp of the fruit. In India it is traditionally prepared.

Noix of Cajou.

They are edible once it has been subjected to its roasting. The French put him in the name of Cajou Noix.

Other related species.

Anacardium orientale.

Haba of Malacca, acajú. This species is cited by John Gerard and Andres de Laguna, which grows in India. This tree is very similar to cashews mentioned above and has the same therapeutic indications.

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