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Other Names:

Ayocota, bean, Chaucha, Chinameca, Cholo, Degul, Green Beans, Bean, Bean, Major, Patachete, Poncha, Poroto, Tapiramo, Tapirucuso, Tineco.

English: Bean.

French: Haricot.

From the family of legumes.

Habitat: originally from Mexico and Central America, and extended by all countries in the world.

Description: annual plant of the family of legumes, stem climber who reaches up to 3 meters high in some varieties, and stem trailing in others. The fruits are a few green or yellow pods that contain several seeds so arriñonada.

Used parts: the sheaths that surround the seeds.

Collection: At the time of harvesting and threshing grain.

Properties: diuretic and activator of the metabolism of sugar (glucose)

The dry pods are used as a diuretic in fluid retention, gout, grit, stones. Sciatica. Eczema. Antidiabetic.

Active Principles.

Trigonelina, allantoin, amino acids: leucine, tyrosine, arginine, lysine, tryptophan, choline, inositol, traces of cyanogenic heterósidos, glucoquinina, lectins, phaseolin, flavones, vitamin C, guanidinaminovaleriánico acid, mineral salts: chromium.

Drug Action.

Diuretic, and lipid lowering slightly.


Adjunct in the treatment of diabetes and hyperlipidemia.

States that require an increase in urine output: genitourinary disorders (cystitis, ureteritis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, oliguria, urolithiasis) hiperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout, high blood pressure, edema, overweight accompanied by fluid retention.

Excess uric acid (gout, grit, calculations 1os kidneys, some rheumatism, sciatica, eczema, etc.

1íquido retention in the body (dropsy, edema, etc. Urine and low acute articular rheumatism. According to modern investigations have shown it is useful in the treatment antidiabetic.


Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcoholic content for oral administration in children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Caution / Poisoning.

Its use as a diuretic in the presence of hypertension, heart disease or kidney failure moderate or severe, should be done only by prescription and under medical supervision, to the danger that can result in uncontrolled contribution of liquids, the possibility of a decompensation or tension, whether the elimination of potassium is considerable, enhancing the effect of cardiac.

When prescribing a diabetic, the physician should monitor blood sugar levels to adjust, if necessary, the dose of insulin or oral agents.

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Use: It's on a liter of water six tablespoons of dried pods and let boil until reduced to about half a liter; takes during the day, divided into three times. Are preferable in the bean pods embodied.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Infusion: 2 - 3%, boil for 3 to 5 minutes and filter. Two or three cups a day.

Dust: 600 - 1. 200 mg / day.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 30 - 50 drops, one to three times a day.

Tincture (1: 10) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times a day.


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Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, p. 323.

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Mulet, L. Ethnobotanical survey of the province of Castellon. Castellon: Provincial, 1991, p. 55.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, pp. 335 - 6.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, pp. 500 - 5.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 285 - 6.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 173.

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