Disease information

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Diabetes insípidus.

A disorder of the pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, causing a lack of control of bodily fluids, which in turn leads to a feeling of thirst and constant need to urinate.


It is caused by a deficiency of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) that are secreted into the pituitary gland.

This deficiency is caused by:

Tumor of the pituitary gland.

Brain damage per accident and injury of the gland.

Brain tumor.

Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis.

Hemorrhages of the gland or adjacent structures.


Kidney disease.

Signs and symptoms.

Excessive thirst impossible to calm.

Daily urine colorless in excess of 3 liters.

Dry hands.


Risk Factors.

Disease or brain damage.


Family history of diabetes insipidus.


There is no specific.

The alterations of vascular origin or traumatic can be reduced through prevention of the first (see stroke) and helmet use in the latter.

Diagnosis and Treatment.


Hormonal analysis and blood.

Determination of levels of ADH.

Test of water deprivation.


The control of dehydration and electrolyte balance is essential to eliminate the problem.

ADH nasal drops of synthetic powders or injection, as prescribed by your physician.

If the problem is caused by a tumor or aneurysm should I turn to surgery.


Deficiency of sodium - potassium balance, which can lead to imbalances in the electrical activity of the heart, fatigue and congestive heart failure.


The underlying cause, whether it was a stroke, recovery can take up to one year.

If it is a precedent brain infection, the symptoms can persist indefinitely.

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