castaño castanea sativa

REGOLDO (castaño castanea sativa) - HIPERnatural.COM
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castaño castanea sativa
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The chestnut tree is a native of Asia Minor, which has been cultivated since time immemorial. The Greeks and Romans it spread through Europe and later was taken to the New World. The chestnut has no hurry to grow. For the 25 or 30 years begins to bear fruit, and reaches maturity from the 100 or 150 years. There are cases of chestnut trees that have lived over 1, 000 years.

HABITAT: grows on land granite or slate, but not in the limestone of mountainous regions. Common, both in central and southern Europe, as in America.

Description: sturdy tree trunks and thick, of the family of Fagáceas, which reaches up to 20 meters in height. The leaves, outdated, and are lanceolate in toothed hacksaw, born at a time, not in groups of 5 as in the Indian horse chestnut. The seeds (nuts) are housed in groups of 2 or 3 in an thorny shell (sea urchin)

Used parts: the bark, leaves and seeds (nuts)

Properties and indications: The bark of the tree, and in smaller leaves are very rich in tannin, and contain sugar, pectin, essential oil, and other active ingredients. Its two most prominent properties are:

Astringent, meaning that desinflamar and dry mucous membranes. Hence prove very useful for cutting acute diarrhea and to make mouthwash and gargle in cases of inflammation of the mouth and throat.

Antitussives: both applied locally in gargarismos, and in the form of tea, calm coughs rebel due to irritation of the upper respiratory tract (béquica action) The bark and leaves of chestnut are also used successfully in cases of whooping cough.

The nuts are rich in carbohydrates (more than 40 / o) and contain small amounts, but very usable, fat and protein and vitamins A, B and G and minerals. Its properties are more interesting:

Troop alkalizing substances that neutralize the excess acid in the blood and facilitate its elimination in the urine, which is especially useful to those suffering from rheumatism by excess uric acid (arthritism) and those who consumed meat in abundance.

Very low sodium (l milligram per 100 grams of edible portion) and high proportion of potassium (710 milligrams per 100 grams) That is why we are useful in the diets of hypertensive and heart.

Use: decoction with 50 grams of shredded bark and leaves another 50 per liter of water (can also be done only with leaves, in which case they are 100 grams per liter of water) boil for 15 minutes, filtered and sweetened, preferably Honey, take 3 to 4 cups a day until the court diarrhea or cough disappears. Chestnuts can be taken raw, grilled or baked. For children is preparing a highly nutritious porridge with either boiled and crushed nuts.

Externally applied in mouthwashes and gargarismos being undertaken with the same decoction described for internal use. If desired sweeten, use honey.

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