Hemolytic anemia

Disease information

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Hemolytic anemia
Hemolytic anemia.

Anemia caused by the premature destruction of red blood cells mature blood.

Bone marrow can not produce red blood cells at the speed sufficient to replace those that are destroyed.

It is not contagious.


It affects both sexes, at any age.


Hereditary Diseases:

as Hereditaria spherocytosis,

G6PD deficiency (more common in black people)

sickle cell anemia or.

Thalassemia (common in the Mediterranean basin)

Antibodies produced by the body to fight infections that, for unknown reasons, attacks the red blood cells. This reaction sometimes cause blood transfusions.

Use of medication, including that which is sold without a prescription, which affects the red blood cells.

Signs and symptoms.


Difficulty breathing.

Irregular heartbeat.

Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes, dark urine)

Swollen spleen.

Risk Factors.

Family history of hemolytic anemia.

Any medication.


Do not take any medication that has caused anemia hemoltítica.

Ask for genetic counseling before having children, if you have a family history of hemolytic anemia (hereditary)

Diagnosis and Treatment.


Observing the symptoms.

History and physical examination by your physician.

Blood tests, including counting, analysis of the bone marrow and counting, with radioactive chromium, survivors of red blood cells.


Medical treatment.

Hospital to receive transfusions during a hemolytic crisis.

Surgery to remove a spleen Verrucosus (sometimes)

General measures.

When you have to remove the spleen, see splenectomy for explanation of surgery and postoperative care.


Your doctor will prescribe immunosuppressive drugs to control the response of the antibodies.

Medication to reduce pain.

In cases of moderate pain, can be used non - prescription medicines such as paracetamol.

Activity After treatment, return as soon as possible to normal life.


It is not necessary.

Advise your doctor if.

Note any of the following symptoms duranteel treatment:



Sore throat.

Inflammation of the joints.

Muscle aches.

Blood in the urine.

Symptoms of infection in any part of the body (redness, pain, inflammation, fever)

When new symptoms appear unexpectedly. The medication can cause side effects.


Too large spleen, which increases the destruction of red blood cells.

Pain, shock and severe illness due to hemoglobin (red blood cell destruction)



If hemolytic anemia is learned, is often able to heal when the cause is removed, such as a medicine.

Sometimes, the spleen is removed surgically.

If hemolytic anemia is hereditary, it is considered incurable.

However, symptoms may be relieved or controlled.

Scientific research into the causes and treatment continues to get effective treatment and cure him.

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