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The gallium is a perennial herbaceous plant with very few rhizomes and erect stems branching upward and topped by the apex in a panicle of very showy yellow flowers. The plant has a slight odor and bitter taste honey, which is more intense in the flowers than elsewhere. This grass is so natural throughout Europe and Asia are particularly abundant in meadows, forests bit thick, slopes and edges of fields. The name of cuajaleches is due to the property that has to coagulate the milk proteins.


The gallium blooms in June; in certain areas is said to be precisely on the day of San Juan (June 24) when flowering reaches its maximum splendor. Legend or not, the fact is that when blossoms filled the meadows of a beautiful yellow color that is usually maintained throughout the summer. In medicine uses the flowering tops, which are cut when they are in full bloom, then left to dry in a well ventilated and it does not matter too much to get the sun. If the drying process takes place in drier, it should not exceed 45 º C.

Common uses:

Appetizer diuretic Astringent.

Used Part.

The flowering tops.

Active Principles.

Anthraquinone: galiosina. Flavonoids: isorrutina, palustrine, cooking. Heterósidos iridoideos: Asperulo, spelled, monotropitósido. Traces of coumarin: furomolugina. Tannins.

Drug Action.

Plant little studied but widely popular use. The following are attributed pharmacological actions: appetizer, spasmolytic, antigastrálgico, diuretic, "cleanse", galactógeno, astringent (vulnerary) in topical use.


States that require an increase in urine output: genitourinary disorders (cystitis, ureteritis, urethritis, oliguria, urolithiasis) hiperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout, high blood pressure, edema, overweight accompanied by fluid retention.

Inappetence, gastrointestinal spasms, diarrhea, breastfeeding, injured.


Infusion. It takes a good handful of fresh plant, increasing the amount in the event that is already dry, add up to a liter of boiling water. Once cold or pouring, you can drink as they want. Will be achieved and a rapid diuretic effect. Decoction. Are prepared 50g. of flowering tops and added to a liter of water. Maintain infuse for 3 - 4 minutes. Once cold, can be applied in the form of baths or compresses on wounds, ulcers and rashes. Its use as cuajaleches. It is not clear, and today have better prepared to coagulate the milk protein, so this plant is no longer used.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Infusion: 30 to 50 g / l, three cups a day.

Topical use:

Decoction: 50 g / l, boil 3 minutes, apply in the form of compresses or baths.


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Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, pp. 145; 930.

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Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 109.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 225 - 6.

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