KAVA



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KAVA
Used Part.

The rhizome.

Active Principles.

Kavapironas: D and L - kavaína, metisticina, yangonina and its derivatives dihidrokavaína, dihidrometisticina, desmetoxiyangonina. Pigments: flavokavinas A and B.

Drug Action.

Tranquilizer, hypnotic, muscle relaxant, spasmolytic, local anesthetic,

Bacteriostatic, antifungal.

Indications.

Anxiety, insomnia, disturbances related to the female climacteric.

Osteoarticular inflammations. Cleaning and disinfecting wounds. Dermatomycoses.

Contraindications.

Pregnancy, infancy, children. Depression, psychosis.

Although there is controversy about the mechanism of sedative action and its possible interactions, we recommend not to associate with other drugs sedative, hypnotic, antidepressants, antihistamines. Alcohol enhances the toxicity of Kava - kava (Peris et al.

Caution / Poisoning.

Exclusive use by prescription and under medical supervision. Self or used as a hallucinogen can produce symptoms of poisoning similar to those produced by barbiturates.

In ordinary consumers of kava - kava, appear very often rashes, exaggeration of the patellar reflex, thinness, reducing the levels of plasma proteins, urea and bilirubin, plaquetopenia and hypertension. The most characteristic feature is the champagne - dermopatía: dry skin covered with scales, especially on the palms and plants produced to interfere with the metabolism of cholesterol and induce a dédicit of niacin (Peris et al.

In laboratory animals, high doses caused ataxia, ascending paralysis, with no loss of consciousness. At higher doses can cause death from cardiac collapse.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Decocto: 3 grams per cup. Boil 5 minutes. Three cups a day, or topical application (wounds, dermomicosis)

Fluid extract (1: 1) 10 - 30 drops, one to three times a day, or pure extract applied locally or diluted to 50% (osteo inflammation)

Discontinuous prescribe treatments.

Bibliography.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, p. 336.

Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, pp. 158, 402.

D'Arcy, PF. Adverse reactions and interactions with herbal medicines. Part I. Adverse reactions. Adverse Drug React Toxicol Rev, 1991; 10 (4) 189 - 208.

James, A; Duke, Ph. D. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 5. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1987, pp. 381; 521; 563.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, p. 114.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, pp. 203 - 4.

Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, p. 124.

Singh, YN; Blumenthal, M. Kava, an Overview. Herbalgram, 1997; 39: 33 - 56.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 295 - 7.


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