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Used Part.

Seeds: Black mustard (Brassica nigra (L. Kock) white mustard (Brassica alba L. mustard junciforme, brunette or Romanian (Brassica juncea Czern. & Coss) Chinese mustard (Brassica cernua Matsum)

Active Principles.

Abundant lipids (30%) oleic acid, linoleic, linolenic acid, erucic. Sulfur compounds: Sinigrósido or allyl - glucosinolate (1 - 2%) in the black mustard, which by hydrolysis enzymatic (mirosinasa) released allyl isothiocyanate or alilsenevol ("mustard") the white mustard contains another glicosinolato, the sinalbósido that hydrolysed to release the oil - hydroxybenzyl mustard) Mucilages (20%)

Drug Action.

The mustard has a highly rubefaciente and lever action, mitigated in part by the presence of mucilage.


Not currently used. Was used extensively in "derivative therapies: treatment of inflammatory osteo, myalgia, muscle contractures, disorders of the respiratory tract (bronchitis, pneumonia) dismenorreas, amenorrhea, neuralgia.


Pregnancy, infancy, dermatitis, wounds, skin ulcerations. Hypersensitivity to mustard, cinnamon, or to other essential oils.

Caution / Poisoning.

Toxic plant via internal: causes gastroenteritis, and convulsions. It can produce cardiorespiratory collapse. A high dose is abortion.

Prescribe only topically. Do not keep applying more than 10 minutes, may appear as blisters and even ulceration and necrosis.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

External use only (see precautions)

Sinap: mustard flour and warm water, 50%. Wrapped in gauze. Maintain 10 - 15 minutes.

Cataplasm sinapizada: mix one part of mustard flour with 3 parts linseed meal, diluted in water at 40 º. Apply wrapped in a gauze.

Foot sinapizado: 20 - 30 grams of mustard flour per liter of water. Especially used to combat migraine.

Bathroom sinapizado: 150 grams of mustard flour in a bag immersed in the water of a hot bath. It has been used in the rehabilitation of motor paralysis.


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Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, p. 232.

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Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 70 - 2.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 51.

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