primula officinalis

SPRING (primula officinalis) - HIPERnatural.COM
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primula officinalis
English: Cowslip / Primrose.

French: Primevère.

From the family of Primuláceas.

The root is used for bronchial catarrh, as expectorant, diuretic and laxative light.

External use: In compresses to blows, then remove the pain, favocere circulation and removes stains from the Cardinals.

Used Part.

The rhizome and roots, flowers and occasionally sheets veris the Primula L. or the Primula elatior (L. Hill.

Active Principles.

Rhizome, root: Heterósidos phenolic (2. 5%) Spring and primulaverósido, which splits in derivatives Salicylic, primulósido.

Flowers: Abundant saponosides triterpenic (8 - 10%) derived from the oleaneno; flavonoid derivatives of quercetol and kenferol.

Drug Action.

The saponosides contained in the flowers, roots and rhizomes (primulósido) determine an action balsamic (mucolytics, expectorant) the flavonoids give it a spasmolytic, diuretic and antiedematosa. The salicylic acid derivatives, febrífugo and analgesic properties.


Respiratory ailments: influenza, colds, bronchitis, asthma, sinusitis. Oliguria, edemas, cystitis, urolithiasis, rheumatism, gout, neuralgia. In external use: bruising, swellings osteo.


Do not prescribe oral dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Side Effects.

In high doses (extraterapéuticas) can cause gastric discomfort and dizziness.

Locally, the fresh plant, can cause contact dermatitis.

Caution / Poisoning.

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Infusion of flowers and leaves: 5 g / l, infuse 10 minutes. Three cups a day, after meals.

Decoction (rhizomes, roots) 5 grams per cup, boil two minutes, leave to infuse for 10. Three cups a day, after meals.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 25 drops, one to three times a day.

Tincture (1: 10) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times a day.

External use:

Decoction (roots, rhizomes) 100 g / l, boil until reduced to 1 / 3 the volume. Apply in the form of incontinence.

Fluid extract, diluted to 5% in hot water, applied towels.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, pp. 259 - 60.

Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, p. 319.

European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (ESCOP) Monographs on the medicinal uses of plant drugs. Fascicle III: Primulae radix. July, 1997.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 142.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take III. Paris: Masson, 1971, p. 10.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, p. 425.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, pp. 70, 519 - 20.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, p. 551.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 318 - 9.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 185.

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