YEZGO () - HIPERnatural.COM
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Other Names:

Acte, AYEBO, Chaves, Ebule, Enzo, Matapulgas, Dogfish, bold, Elder minor Yambú, Yubo.

The berries of yezgo are toxic, and agrees to differentiate them from those of the elder. Both plants belong to the same botanical family, and have similar applications, but the elder is used more by its smell more tolerable.

Habitat: diffused by edges of forests and fresh throughout Europe. Naturalized in the Americas.

Description: perennial plant, nauseating odor, stem erect up to 1. 5 meters in height, of the family of Caprifoliáceas. The flowers are small, white and umbel. Its fruits are some black berries in clusters upright upward.

Used Part.

The flowers, root, bark, leaves and fruit.

Properties and indications: the entire plant contains a glucoside, essential oil, tannin and saponin. It has marked properties sudorific, diuretics and laxatives. That is why it is used as:

Diuretic in case of edema (fluid retention in the tissues) or kidney failure.

Sudorific in febrile illnesses (colds, flu, malaria, etc.

Antirheumatic: Its decoction or alcoholic extract is used externally on towels or friction to calm the rheumatic pain.

Insecticide: their fresh leaves, or the liquid of your decoction asperjado, repels insects.

Active Principles.

Leaves: Sambunigrósido (heterósidos acid) essential oils, tannins, acids malic, tartaric and valerian.

Fruits: Traces of essential oil, bitter principles, tannins, saponosides, anthocyanins (sambunigrósido, Hetero cyanogen) malic acid, tartaric and valerian.

Root and bark: Sambunigrósido, tannins, saponosides, bitter principles, traces of essential oil.

Flowers: Flavonoids, potassium salts.

Drug Action.

He was given the same properties as the elder. The bark, leaves, flowers and dried fruit, are popularly used as a diuretic, diaphoretic and laxative. The root, as a purgative and emetic.

Use: 30 grams in decoction of leaves and / or root per liter of water, boiled for 5 or 10 minutes are taken up to 3 cups daily.

Externally, compresses soaked in a decocci6n as the one used internally. Can also be applied to alcoholic extract. Friction with the decoction or alcoholic extract.

Caution / Poisoning.

The berries are toxic. The use, in excessive doses, leaves or fruit can cause vomiting. Because the fruits have no bad taste, accidental poisoning in children can become deadly.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, p. 382.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, p. 361.

Le Floc'h, E. Etude Ethnobotanique une contribution to the Flore Tunisienne. Imprimerie officielle de la République Tunisienne, 1983, p. 239.

Mulet, L. Toxic Plants of Valencia. Castellon: Provincial, 1997, pp. 385 - 6.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take III. Paris: Masson, 1971, p. 385.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996, p. 72.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, p. 936.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, pp. 450; 581.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, p. 361.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 212.

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