Disease information

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Opacification (clouding) of the eyepiece.

The lens is a flexible, transparent globe near the front of the eye that helps focus the vision and filters and refracts light rays.

Cataracts can be formed in one or both eyes. If you are trained in both eyes, his progression in each of them can be very different.

Cataracts are not cancerous.

It affects both sexes, either at birth, in the case of congenital, or from 60 years in the case of senile.


It is generally cured with surgery.

Some cataracts do not affect vision enough to the need for surgery. While "mature" cataracts (harder against the lens becomes, the easier it is to extract) you'll have to change their glasses frequently to improve vision and prevent the strong illuminations through sunglasses.


Loss of vision.

Postoperative complications, including perforation of the eye.

Adhesions and retinal detachment.


Women of reproductive age should be vaccinated against rubella if they have not had or have been immunized earlier.

The use of cortisone drugs or any other likely to affect the crystal must be carefully monitored by a doctor.

Eye disorders that might cause cataracts, such as iritis or uveitis, should be dealt with swiftly. The study of perinatal congenital metabolic deficits (programs for early detection of metabulopatías) can help prevent complications, such as galactosaemia.

Diagnosis and Treatment.


History and physical examination by a doctor.

To specify the degree of opacification and the size of the lens (for sobstitución by a lens) the ophthalmologist will perform tests with special instruments, which are not painful.


The treatment is surgical.

Depending on the opportunities and requirements of each particular case, can be removed and replace its deficit through glasses, or extract and put in place in an artificial lens ("IOL"; intraocular lens)

Following the operation carried the eye capped a few days.

General measures.

After surgery, it may be necessary to bring a pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses special.


Your eye can prescribe some painkillers for the discomfort after the operation.


Without restrictions, but do not drive at night if you do not look good.


It is not necessary, except in the case of suffering from galactosaemia, because then it must avoid foods with the sugar.

Risk Factors.


Exposure to any one of the reasons explained in the preceding paragraphs.

Signs and symptoms.

Blurred vision that worsens with bright light.

Begin to notice the veiled eyes when driving at night when the lights appear to disperse or halos.

Double vision (sometimes)

Only in advanced stages, girls in the eyes opaque, milk.



Diabetes mellitus.

Eye injuries.

Inflammations such as uveitis.

Some medications such as cortisone.

Exposure to X - ray or microwave radiation infrarojas like welding without protection)

Genetic reasons, including the effect of rubella on the fetus of a mother who contracted the disease early in pregnancy or galactosaemia, congenital defect in the metabolism of sugars.

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