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English: Buck bean.

French: Trèfle d'eau.

From the family of Meniantáceas.

Tonic stomach, the lack of appetite and digestive sluggishness.

Used Part.

The leaves.

Active Principles.

Glycosides bitter type secoiridoides: mentiafolina, foliamentina, hidrofoliamentina; alkaloids: gencianina, gencialuteína, gencianidina. Flavonoids: rutoside, hyper, isoquercitrósido; saponosides triterpenic: meniantósido; phenolic acids: Benzoic, Cinnamic. Coumarin: escoparona, escopoletina tannins Catechists (5 - 10%)

Drug Action.

The principles are responsible for the bitter tonic, aperitive, digestive and colerética. The alkaloids produce a hepatoprotective, and colerética colagogo; the escopoletina presents an action at spasmolytic palatable. The secoiridoides are also anti - inflammatory drugs. It is also emenagoga. Popularly, like all the bitter, it is antipyretic.


Inappetence, dyspepsia hiposecretoras, irritable bowel syndrome, gastrointestinal spasms, constipation. Hepatitis, dyskinesias Hepatobiliary, cholecystitis. Asthenia, convalescence, headaches, especially related to biliary dysfunction, dysmenorrhea.


Pregnancy, infancy.

Do not prescribe oral dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Caution / Poisoning.

By the presence of alkaloids, we recommend prescribing treatments discontinuous.

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Infusion: one tablespoon per cup of dessert. Infuse 10 minutes. Three cups a day.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 25 - 50 drops, 2 to 3 times a day.

Tincture (1: 5) 40 - 80 drops, two or three times a day.

Dust: 2 to 3 g / day, in doses of 300 - 500 mg.

Juice of fresh plant: 20 to 40 grams / day, dissolved in milk or infusion.

When prescribing as a starter - eupéptico, we recommend you take half an hour before meals, alcoholic managing forms diluted in tea or juice.


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Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 121.

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Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, pp. 122; 821.

Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, pp. 147, 150.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 256 - 7.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 339 - 41.

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