aesculus  hippocastanum

CHESTNUT INDIA (aesculus  hippocastanum) - HIPERnatural.COM
2000 - 2013 © HIPERnatural.COM
aesculus  hippocastanum

Latin: Aesculus hippocastanum.

Castilian: chestnut Indies.

Portuguese: Castanheira da India.

English: horse chestnut.

French: marronnier d'Inde.

Italian: ippocastano, amara Castagna, Castagna Cavallino, Marrone d'India.

German: Rosskastanie.

Dutch: wilde kastanje.

Vasoconstrictor. Antihaemorrhoidals. Against varicose veins and phlebitis.

Is a floor hippocastanum Greek quo could be translated as "chestnut horses. " It refers to the custom in Asia Minor, from time immemorial, to give the horse the seeds of this plant for curarles cough.

It is a tree from Greece and the Balkans, although it is cultivated in western Europe and in large parts of North America. In the xvl century in Western Europe were imported from Turkey and seeds, believing quo country of origin was India, received the nickname "de Indias. " In the southern United States and northern Mexico are five species are related, the best known of which is Aesculus pavia, with which hybrids have been obtained for use in gardening.

FEATURES: Tree large, with large sheets of outdated, divided into five or more lobes of about 20 cm. United by one extreme to the petiole quo supporter as the fingers on the palm of your hand. The edges are jagged. The flowers are grouped into large inflorescences at the ends of the branches in the form of plumes. The fruit, similar to that of edible chestnuts, is protected by barbed lot; at maturity, opens into three slices and drop the seed (Chestnut) usually one, although of considerable dimensions.

LOCATION: Lives in temperate climates, though, from Greece has been adapted to the mild climate in all five continents. Is planted in parks and gardens and, owing to its size, in very wide streets or roads.

Medicinal properties: They are very useful against hemorrhoids, as well as calming pruritus, declining to eliminate them. It also ends with frostbites and varicose veins.

COLLECTING: Chestnuts is given at the end of autumn, when they are already well mature. In mountain areas, can ripen later.

USES AND APPLICATIONS: The pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries are interested in the production of chestnuts because of its content, saponin of Great interest in developing emulsions to accompany the cod - liver oil, or as a skin softener, to prepare creams and soaps. The oil is extracted quo of the chestnuts may be used for food. As a homemade remedy, may be preparing a decoction (50 grams of the nuts or bark in a liter of water) of which will take one or two cups a day like Antihaemorrhoidals or against frostbites and varicose veins. You can also prepare a dye with ¼ pound of fresh chestnuts (crushed) in a liter of alcohol, leaving them macerated for two weeks at least. It takes a soup spoon once a day.

A horse chestnut Indies, whose name is misleading, since quo comes from the mountainous regions of Albania, Bulgaria and northern Greece. Inflorescence a chestnut with its lobed leaves, next to a fruit in various stages of dehiscence, to separate the three lobes of their protective cover.

Varicose veins of the legs can be relieved by the ingestion of water decoction of the bark of chestnut or chestnut in a liter of water, or dyeing of chestnuts with alcohol.


Used fruit and bark.

Family: sapindáceas / hipocastanáceas.

Source: India, Iran, Asia Minor, Caucasus, Balkans.

Height: Up to 20 meters.


The fruits and seeds contain flavonoids, especially in quercetol heterósidos, and kampferol, who owe their cotyledons some yellowing; triterpenic saponins (the aescina) which owes its acrimony and bitterness, minerals, sugar, starch and oil, Which owes its tonic vein, venous vasoconstrictor, Anti - vitamin P, antiedematosa, anti - inflammatory, and antiateromatosa Antihaemorrhoidals.

The seminal teguments contain D - catechol and tannins.

The crust has heterósidos coumarin, the main being the esculósido (glucoside of esculetol) and fraxósido (glucoside of fraxetol) and tannins (aesculitánico acid) with vitamin P action, Antihaemorrhagics and astringent.


It is used in congestive states and the fragility of the venous and lymphatic.



varicose ulcers.

prevention of phlebitis.







Contraindicated in pregnancy and on children, and we must be cautious in its internal use ESCIN is irritating the digestive tract and can produce at high doses nausea and diarrhea. Mydriasis and can also cause drowsiness. A therapeutic dose is not toxic.


In external use is anti - inflammatory, and necrotizing antiedematoso. For intravenous use is toxic (hemolytic)

Brain tonics: Ginkgobiloba, Vincapervinca, Eleuterococo, Arnica, Garlic.


Benigni, R; Capra, C; Cattorini, P. Piante Medicinali. Chimica, Pharmacology and Therapy. Milano: Inverni & Della Beffa, 1962, pp. 763.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, pp. 61 - 3.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, pp. 164 - 5.

Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, p. 318.

D'Arcy, PF. Adverse reactions and interactions with herbal medicines. Part II. Drug interactions. Adverse Drug React Toxicol Rev 1993; 12 (3) 147 - 162.

James, A; Duke, Ph. D. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 5. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1987, p. 20.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 24.

Lastra, JJ; Bachiller, LI. Medicinal Plants in Asturias, Cantabria and the cornice. Gijón: Ediciones Trea, 1997, pp. 65 - 7.

Mulet, L. Ethnobotanical survey of the province of Castellon. Castellon: Provincial, 1991, p. 46.

Mulet, L. Toxic Plants of Valencia. Castellon: Provincial, 1997, pp. 40 - 1.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, pp. 309 - 13.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, pp. 201 - 2.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996, p. 188.

Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, pp. 66; 97.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 10 - 11.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 23.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 268 - 72.

Related Products