Scotch broom

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Scotch broom
English: Broom.

French: Genetics / Genetti.

From the family of legumes.

Increases the strength of the heart. Vegetative nervous system stimulant. Vasoconstrictor, hypertensive, diuretic. On the uterus exerts an oxytocin (increases the strength of its contractions)

Precautions: not to abuse because it can cause increases in blood pressure.

Used Part.

The flowers and young branches.

Active Principles.

Alkaloids quinolizidínicos: l - spartein, lupanin, hidroxilupanina, amodendrina. Flavonoids: espireósido, isoquercitrósido, genisteósido, escoparósido. Isoflavones: sarotamnósido. Coumarin. Acids fenolcarboxílicos acid derivatives caféico. Traces of essential oil. Amines: tyramine, tyrosine, dopamine.

Drug Action.

Flavonoids give it a diuretic action; amines, hemostatic, and vasoconstrictora hypertensive; l - spartein a cardiac action, antiarrhythmic and oxytocin.


It was used for tratamineto of congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, maintenance between priests digital oliguria, urolithiasis, Far bleeding, rheumatism and gout.


Hypertension, pregnancy, antidepressant with MAOIs (see precautions)

Do not prescribe oral dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Side Effects.

Prescribed high doses can cause cardiovascular disorders due to adverse gangliopléjicos initially stimulants and subsequently blocking the parasympathetic and sympathetic ganglia.

For its content in tyramine, pastor of the stock market may trigger hypertensive crisis in patients who are undergoing treatment with antidepressant MAOI.

Caution / Poisoning.

For the kind of pharmacological actions and poor therapeutic, it is not advisable to use. In any event exceed the dose indicated.

Take into account the alcohol content of the extract fluid.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

See precautions, side effects.

Internal use:

Infusion (flowers) one teaspoon per cup of coffee. Infuse 10 minutes. One to three cups per day.

Dry extract (5: 1) 50 mg, one to three times a day.

Fluid extract (10: 1) stabilized: 10 - 30 drops, one to three times a day.

External use:

Fluid extract (1: 1) Implemented in towels, as haemostatic.


Benigni, R; Capra, C; Cattorini, P. Piante Medicinali. Chimica, Pharmacology and Therapy. Milano: Inverni & Della Beffa, 1962, pp. 668 - 84.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, pp. 385 - 7.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, pp. 191 - 2.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, pp. 160, 234.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, pp. 336 - 42.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, p. 625.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 368 - 9.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 457 - 9.

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