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Botanical: Boxus sempervirens L.

Castilian: boxwood, bujo, boje.

Its Latin name, sempervirens, is always green, which alludes to it is an evergreen shrub that can live longer, according to tradition, more than 600 years.

It grows in the understory of oak, beech and pine forests, and measured one to four meters. The wood is highly valued for its hardness and its bark and leaves is the buxina, a very potent alkaloid, and vitamin C.

LOCATION: The wood is so hard that if we try to cut a twig with a razor blade, it will break before the branch. That hardness makes raw material for ornamental pieces recorded.

FEATURES: It is a shrub leaf persistent. Reaches between one and four meters high, can reach the six. The leaves, small, colored green, dark above and below clearly give the plant a beautiful area that is reflected in its use as an ornamental plant. Its small flowers, yellow, grow almost without petiole, along with the insertion of leaves on the stem. The fruit, with no more than a centimeter, is hard, a capsule containing the seeds. He was also known as boje.

ACTIVE: The leaves and bark (the stems and roots contain a highly toxic alkaloid (buxina) vitamin C.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES: In the sixteenth century lotions are sold with a remedy for baldness. Sellers explained the case of a peasant bald as a billiard ball that is rubbing with the liquid in question and he grew a beautiful hair, but the liquid Having fallen for the face and neck, both areas are populated dryer. Later it was found that the lotion boxwood does not have any substance that would grow hair. Its real medicinal properties consist of lower fever and act as a laxative.

COLLECTION: The leaves may be harvested at any time of year, but the plant should start to bark after the fruit matured, that is, last summer.

USES AND APPLICATIONS: For its toxicity, it is not appropriate to use as a home remedy. A high dose can be very toxic. It has been used as a substitute for quinine to treat malaria.



Part medicinal use.

The leaves and branches.

Type of plant.

Perennial shrub Matoso.


Central and Southern Europe, West Asia and North Africa.


Up to 6 meters.


Oval, opposite, Roma, something petiolated, perennials, postal and bright.


And sessile yellowish color. Grouped in bouquets in the armpit of the leaves, separate male from female.

The men are outside the glomerulus.

The women are central.

It blooms from May to March.


Capsule containing black seeds and bright.


It is found in limestone terrain of mountains and forests. Very common in Spain.








Intermittent fevers.





Parasimpatholytic treatments, hypotension, convalescence, pregnancy, lactation and children under age 15, gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcus.

Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.


Drug tincture.

Tincture of boxwood. 30 g.

Tincture of agrifolio. 30 g.

Tincture pilosella. 10 g.

Tincture sassafras. 10 g.

Dosage: one teaspoon (of coffee) per dose.

Additional Informaciíon.

The boxwood off the bark of cinchona.

The boxwood is considered a poor substitute for the properties of cinchona bark of which is spoken in both treatments against malaria, although its action is useful in treatment sudorific debugger body usually associated with other plants such as Fumaria, the root sarsaparilla of the same or dandelion.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, pp. 111 - 2.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, p. 146.

James, A; Duke, Ph. D. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 5. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1987, p. 84; 518; 550.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 47; 223.

Lastra, JJ; Bachiller, LI. Medicinal Plants in Asturias, Cantabria and the cornice. Gijón: Ediciones Trea, 1997, pp. 27; 28; 93 - 4.

Mulet, L. Ethnobotanical survey of the province of Castellon. Castellon: Provincial, 1991, p. 96.

Mulet, L. Toxic Plants of Valencia. Castellon: Provincial, 1997, p. 103 - 4.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996, p. 64.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, pp. 657 - 9.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, p. 71.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 54.

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