silybum marianum

CARDO MARINO (silybum marianum) - HIPERnatural.COM
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silybum marianum
English: Thistle, St Mary's thistle.

French: Marie Chardon.

Raises blood pressure. Against asthma attacks and those of hay fever. Headaches.

Used Part.

Dried fruit (achenes)

Active Principles.

Silimarina (1, 5 - 3%) mixture of flavolignanos (silibina, silidianina, silicristina) in addition to other flavonoids: kenferol, taxifolina, apigenósido. Oil, with a high proportion of linoleic acid (60%) oleic and palmitic; tocopherol, stigmasterol, campestrol, sitosterol. Tyramine; protein (20 - 34%) mucilages.

Drug Action.

Appetizer, colagogo, hepatoprotective, especially preventive effect) digestive, hemostatic, Venotónico, diuretic, antipyretic, anti.


Hepatobiliary insufficiency, acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver and gall bladder dyskinesias. Inappetence, dyspepsia hiposecretoras. Bleeds: hematuria, epistaxis, metrorragias; flu, colds, cystitis, urolithiasis, oliguria.


Hypertension, treatment with MAOIs (see precautions) Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Side Effects.

The fresh plant may cause contact dermatitis.

Caution / Poisoning.

For its content in tyramine can trigger hypertensive crisis in patients who are undergoing treatment with antidepressant MAOI.

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Infusion: one tablespoon per cup of dessert. Infuse for 10 minutes. A cup before meals.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 25 - 50 drops, one to three times a day. In cases of chronic hepatitis have been linked to very good results, in equal parts, with extract from Ribes nigrum.

Tincture (1: 10) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times a day between meals.

Dry extract (5: 1) 0. 5 to 1 g / day.


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Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, pp. 416 - 7.

James, A; Duke, Ph. D. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 5. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1987, pp. 170 - 1.

Farnworsth, NR. Relative safety of herbal remedies. Natura Medicatrix, 1995; 37 - 78: 30 - 35.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 162.

Mulet, L. Toxic Plants of Valencia. Castellon: Provincial, 1997, p. 492.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take III. Paris: Masson, 1971, p. 450.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, pp. 196 - 7.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996, p. 127.

Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, p. 123.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, p. 450.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 80 - 1.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 121 - 5.

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