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Used Part.

Chapters flower.

Active Principles.

Essential oil (0, 4 - 2, 5%) camazuleno, bisabolol, angelato Isobutyl, pinocarvona, pinocarveol. Lactones Sesquiterpenes: nobilina, isonoibilina; polyphenolic compounds: flavonoids (heterósidos of luteolol and apigenol) acids and caféico ferúlico. Coumarin: escopoletin - 7 - beta - glucoside.

Drug Action.

The essential oil, very aromatic, is responsible for spasmolytic his action, eupéptica - carminativa and appetizer. The nobilina is a tonic effect that produces a bitter aperitif, eupéptico, colagogo, in addition to antiseptic and antiparasitic. The camazuleno confers anti - inflammatory properties.


Flatulence, dyspepsia hiposecretoras, flatulence, gastrointestinal spasms, dyskinesias Hepatobiliary, cholecystitis, headaches of hepatobiliary origin. Intestinal parasites (Oxyuriasis) Dismenorreas, neuralgia.

In topical application: blefaroconjuntivitis, cleaning of wounds.


Unless otherwise indicated, we recommend not to prescribe essential oils through internal during pregnancy, lactation, children under six years or patients with gastritis, gastric ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, hepatopathy, epilepsy, Parkinson and other neurological diseases.

Do not administer, or topically applied to children under six years old or people with respiratory allergies or with known hypersensitivity to this or other essential oils. Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcoholic content for oral administration in children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Side Effects.

The fresh plant may cause contact dermatitis.

Using the essential oil with caution: In high doses is emetic.

Caution / Poisoning.

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Infusion: one teaspoon per cup dessert. Infuse 15 minutes. A cup after each meal, or before, if used as a starter.

Essential oil: 2 - 4 drops, 3 times a day, with sugar or alcohol solution or capsules (25 to 50 mg of essential oil / caps, 1 to 3 a day)

Fluid extract (1: 1) 20 - 40 drops three times daily.

Tincture (1: 10) 50 - 75 drops, 2 to 4 times a day.

Dust: 2 - 10 g per day, with a little honey.

Topical use:

Infusion: washes to eyes (isotonizar)

Friction with the essential oil, or pure alcohol solution (osteo inflammation)

Compresses embedded in infusion to treat sores, wounds.

Glycolic extract (1: 5) in the form gels or creams.


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British Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Vol. I. Bournemouth, Dorset: British Herbal Medical Association, 1990, p. 78.

Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, p. 256.

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Real Spanish Pharmacopoeia. Madrid: Ministry of Health and Consumption, 1997, pp. 394 - 5.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, pp. 153; 965 - 6.

Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, p. 163.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, p. 508.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 35 - 6.

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