Fireweed () - HIPERnatural.COM
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Other Names:

Herb San Antonio, San Antonio Laurel.

This beautiful mountains of Europe, in addition to brighten the view with its colorful, communicates a pleasant sweet taste of herbal teas made with it. In northern Europe is very much appreciated, and their tender shoots are eaten in salads.

Habitat: spread throughout Europe and northern Asia. In Spain is in the mountains of northern, central and Sierra Nevada. One grows in cold mountain forests.

Description: perennial plant of the family of Enoteráceas, whose rigid stem reaches 70 - 100 cms. tall. Its flowers have 4 petals and sepals 4 pink or purple alive.

Properties and indications: the entire plant contains tannin, mucilage and pectin. It has astringent properties due to its tannin content, and emollients (desinflamar the skin and mucous membranes) thanks to its rich mucilages and pectin. Its most common applications are as follows:

Diarrhea, gastroenteritis, and in general, all the inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. In addition to its astringent effect, the Epilobio is anti - inflammatory. Short diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort disappear.

Stomatitis (inflammation of the oral mucosa) gingivitis and pharyngitis: Implemented in mouthwashes and gargarismos has anti - inflammatory effect and leaves a pleasant feeling of freshness in the mouth.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia and treatment of urinary symptoms associated. Prevention and treatment of influenza. In topical use: dermatitis, stomatitis, pharyngitis, parodontopatías, wounds, skin ulcerations.

Use: infuse with 50 grams of dried flowers and roots in a liter of water, which takes 4 or 5 cups a day.

For external use and mouthwashes and gargarismos being undertaken with the same infusion to be used internally.

Used Part.

The flowers and root dry. of species Epilobium angustifolium L. E. parviflorum Schreb. E. hirsutum L. E. montanum L. and E. roseum Schreb. among others.

Active Principles.

Flavonoid derivatives kenferol, quercetol and miricetol (especially myricetin 3 - O - beta - D - glucuronide) Phytosterols: beta - sitosterol. Tannins elágicos macrocyclic: oenoteínas A and B (10 - 14%)

Drug Action.

The elagitaninos oenoteína A and B, more specifically, presenting an action antiadenomatosa prostate, by inhibiting the activity of the 5 alpha - reductase and aromatase, two enzymes involved in the aetiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia (Ducrey et al; Lesuisse et al.

The tannins also have an astringent action (healing)

Anti - inflammatory: the myricetin 3 - O - beta - D - glucuronide extracted from the leaves of Epilobium angustifolium L. experimentally introduced a powerful antiphlogistic action (more than ten times higher than that of indomethacin) and inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis (comparable to that of indomethacin) Hierman et al.

Excerpts hydroalcoholic and polyphenol fraction of E. hirsutum showed a significant inhibitory action of the influenza virus. And an increase in nonspecific defenses (Ivancheva et al.

The extract fluid Epilobium hirsutum presents an antitumor action in vivo (tumor ascítico Ehrlich, leucosis P - 80) Voynova et al.

Caution / Poisoning.

Take into account the alcohol content of the extract fluid.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Infusion: 5 grams per cup. Three cups a day.

Dry extract (5: 1) 300 mg per Casula, one to three a day.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 30 - 50 drops, one to three times a day.

External use:

Glycolic extract (1: 5) in gels or creams.


Ducrey B, Marston A; Göhring S; Hartmann RW; Hostettmann K. Inhibition of 5 alpha - reductase ellagitannins and aromatic by the oenothein A and B from oenothein Epilobium species. Planta Med, 63: 111 - 4, 1997 Apr.

Ivancheva S; Manolova N; Serkedjieva J; Dimov V, N. Ivanovska Polyphenols from Bulgarian medicinal plants with anti - infectious activity. Basic Life Sci, 59: 717 - 28, 1992.

Lesuisse D; Berjonneau J; CIOTA C; Devaux P; Doucet B; Gourvest JF; Khemis B, C Lang; Legrand R; Lowinski M; Machine P; Parent A, B Schoot; Teutsch G. Determination of oenothein B as the active 5 - alpha - reductase - inhibiting principle of the folk medicine Epilobium parviflorum. J Nat Prod, 59: 490 - 2, 1996 May.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G: Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, p. 261.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Assotiation Pharmaceeutique Belge, 1986, pp. 143 - 4.

Voynova E, S Dimitrova; Naydenov E; KARADJOVA P. Inhibitory action of extracts of Maclure aurantiaca and Epilobium hirsutum on tumor models in mice. Acta Physiol Pharmacol Bulger, 17: 50 - 2, 1991.

Witchtl, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 185 - 7.

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