ficus carica

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ficus carica
Ficus carica Linnaeus Fam. Moraceae.

In Mexico, Central America and Panama is this plant and its major properties are as emollient, soothing and laxative, which recommends eating sweetened infusion of leaves at night for several days. In other regions using the mixture of leaves of Figs and guava to drink when there is stomach pain. Moreover, in cases of hemorrhoids, the leaves are heated and applied warm for three days. It's a very kind, old store, from the seventeenth century his white latex has been used against sunburn, stains on the face, sores and picketing of poisonous animals.

Shrub 3 to 5 meters in height, introduced the thick trunk and branches with white latex throughout the plant. The leaves are large and rough, and fissures that are five star - shape. The tiny flowers, fruits originate born direct the stem, in the shape of a sphere. It originated in Asia, Africa and Europe, living in warm climates, dry and mild. It is associated with the Xeric scrublands and mixed forests of oak and pine.

Used Part.

The siconos (fig) and latex.

Active Principles.

Sugars (50 - 60%) iron salts, calcium, magnesium, bromine, vitamins A1, B1, B2, C and D; rubber. Siconos green leaves and possess a latex with a mixture of enzymes: ficina with proteolytic: similar to the papain. The leaves contain furocoumarines (psoralen, bergapteno) The seeds contain abundant mucilages.

Drug Action.

It is a high energy food, laxative, demulcent and balsamic. The ficina confers anti - inflammatory and digestive.


Constipation, respiratory ailments: colds, flu, sore throat, bronchitis, emphysema, asthma. Gastrointestinal irritation: gastritis, colitis. Local inflammation: stomatitis, gingivitis, pharyngitis, abscesses, boils, burns. Latex is used popularly as antiverrucoso.

Side Effects.

The furanocumarinas present in the latex of green leaves and infructescenses can cause contact dermatitis.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Decoction: 40 to 100 g / l, drink at will.

Fresh fruit, dried, in jams or compotes, as a laxative.

External use:

Decoction: implemented in the form of towels, mouthwash, gargarismos. The fruits, boiled and sliced in two, apply hot on boils, abscesses and burns.

Latex: topically to warts, while protecting the surrounding areas with petroleum jelly or paste FILANTE Lasso.


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