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English: Strawberry.

French: Fraise.

Of the family of the Rosaceae.

The leaves and especially the roots are astringent and diuretic. The fruit is refreshing.

Used Part.

The rhizome, roots and leaves.

Active Principles.

Leaves: condensed tannins, flavones, flavonoids, leucoantocianósidos, traces of essential oil, small amounts of ascorbic acid, alcohol triterpenic: fraganol, potassium salts.

Roots: tannins Catechists (12%) and pirogálicos; alcohol triterpenic: fraganol, potassium salts.

Fruits: abundant anthocyanin derivatives, essential oil, pectin, Hetero (fragarósido)

Drug Action.

The astringent tannins define an action (antidiarrhoeal and local hemostatic) potassium salts, diuretic. The fruits, for their derivatives anthocyanin, produce a vitamin P.


Leaves, roots: diarrhea, enterocolitis. States that require an increase in urine output: genitourinary disorders (cystitis, urethritis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, oliguria, urolithiasis) hiperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout, high blood pressure, edema, overweight accompanied by fluid retention.

In topical (leaves) wounds and skin sores, mouth or corneal, blepharitis, conjunctivitis, parodontopatías, pharyngitis, eczema, erythema, pruritus, vulvovaginitis.

Fruits: capillary fragility, varicose veins and hemorrhoids, food use.


Leaves: gastritis, gastric ulcer: the tannins can irritate the gastric mucosa, this side effect can be offset by associating with drug mucilages, as the marshmallow.

Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcoholic content for oral administration in children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Side Effects.

Used by internal likely to give a reddish color to urine and feces, for the removal of pigments, lack of pathological significance.

The fruits contain glycoproteins that can result in people hypersensitive allergy.

Caution / Poisoning.

Ensure that the leaves and fruits from organic farming (intensive agricultural production requires the frequent application of insecticides and herbicides)

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Decoction of roots and rhizomes: 20 g / l, boil 30 minutes, three or more cups a day.

Dry extract (5: 1) 0. 3 to 1. 8 g / day.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 20 - 40 drops, one to three times a day.

Tincture (1: 5) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times a day.

Fruits: food use, syrups.

External use:

Decoction of leaves: 30 g / l, infuse 10 minutes, in bathrooms, towels, mouthwash, gargarismos, eye drops or eye baths (isotonizar) or vaginal washings.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, pp. 216 - 7.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, p. 200.

Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, p. 184.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 81.

Lastra, JJ; Bachiller, LI. Medicinal Plants in Asturias, Cantabria and the cornice. Gijón: Ediciones Trea, 1997, pp. 139 - 41.

Mulet, L. Ethnobotanical survey of the province of Castellon. Castellon: Provincial, 1991, pp. 189 - 90.

Mulet, L. Toxic Plants of Valencia. Castellon: Provincial, 1997, pp. 190 - 1.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, pp. 422.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, p. 555.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 164 - 5.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 105.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 206 - 7.

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