Irritable bowel / colitis spasmodic

Disease information

Irritable bowel / colitis spasmodic - HIPERnatural.COM
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Irritable bowel / colitis spasmodic
Colon spasmodic irritable / Colitis.


Digestive Apparatus.

The digestive apparatus must like function assure the digestion or assimilation different foods.

The digestion consists of reducing all foods in elementary substances simpler, able to happen to the blood to be used by the organism:

• Is like a power plant (power paper)

• Is for forming the necessary materials for the construction of the cellular architecture (plastic paper)


As we already know, the function of the digestive apparatus is to assure the digestion. The assimilation of different foods is obtained by its degradation in simple elements: fatty acid lipids, glúcidos in simple sugars (bears) prótidos in amino acids.

The set of these transformations needs combined mechanical and chemical actions. The mechanical actions consist of movements of mixed (stomach) and peristálticos (internal) The chemical actions require to digestive enzymes (also called diastasas) Lipasas degrades lipids, glucidasas glúcidos and the proteases the proteins.

The digestion begins in the mouth. By the mastication, the teeth crush and divide - mechanical action the foods, facilitating the contact with the enzyme to salivar, the ptialina (glucidasa) chemical action - Therefore, the saliva (1 l to 1. 5 ls per day) attacks sugars and dampens the mucosa. It transforms foods into a doughy nourishing skittle.

The esophagus is a simple one via of step. The liquids descend by the effect of their own weight. The solid foods are impelled by the peristálticos movements, towards the stomach, tensile cavity that performs 3 functions simultaneously:

• gastric Motilidad, assuring the mixed one the foods that gives rise to the formation of quimo. This mechanical action is under the dependency of the parasimpático nervous system.

• Degradation of foods, being responsible the gastric juice that forms from:

• Acid hydrochlorate,

• protective Mucus of the mucosa and.

• Pepsina, proteolytic enzyme.

The secret stomach 2 ls of gastric juice per day. The secretion is regulated by the nerves vague (order nervous) and by the gastrina (hormonal order)

• Storage of foods:

The stomach stores foods and releases quimo very progressively. The gastric evacuating becomes through píloro, in small amounts. This progressive liberation in the duodeno allows to the intestine an optimal yield. The gastric evacuation needs a total of 5 to 6 hours, depending on the composition of the food.

The essential of the digestion takes place in the duodeno and the rest of the intestine. The duodeno simultaneously receives the pancreáticos bile and enzymes. Let us see the paper of each one of them.

Intestinal Digestiòn.

• the bile is secretada by the hepatocitos, it is stored in the biliary vesicle and it is excreted when the food ingestion takes place. It is constituted essentially by biliary salts and cholesterol. Its paper is the one of emulsionar greasy, transforming them into micro - drops that are more easily degradables by lipasas pancreáticas and intestinal. The bile prepares, this way, the digestion of the greasy bodies.

• On the other hand alkaline his pH neutralizes the acidity of quimo gastric.

• the pancreático juice.

The páncreas are the main source of enzymes of the digestion as they are lipasas, colesterolesterasas, glucidasas (amylase) and several proteases: tripsina, quimotripsina carboxipeptidasas, elastasa.

The pancreático juice allows the degradation of the glúcidos ones and the prótidos ones. He is only the able one to degrade fats.

• the intestinal juice.

The enterocitos also synthesize enzymes of degradation like glucidasas, proteases and perhaps lipasas.

Let us remember that they produce secretina that triggers the pancreática secretion.

With the digestion one has obtained that the complex foods can be absorbed and be assimilated.

Intestinal absorption.

How takes place this absorption or assimilation?

• the intestinal vellosidades.

By its system of you fold covered by a carpet of intestinal vellosidades, the organism increases of considerable way the faying surface of the intestinal mucosa with the food. The set of vellosidades - that constitute the absorption organ represents a surface of 250 m2. He is widely vascularizado and the cells of coating - enterocitos - is specialized in the absorption function.

• the absorption.

The nutrients cross the enterocitos. Amino acids and bears are absorbed by the capillaries and follow the route sanguineous (vein carries towards the liver)

Fatty acids and glicerol are absorbed, and once in the enterocito they become to recombine forming triglicéridos; these surrounded by proteins form then microscopic drops or quilomicrones that through the lymphatic route reaches the veins and the heart, without happening through the liver.

The heavy intestine.

Five to six hours after to have produced the ingestion of the food, quimo intestinal reaches the heavy intestine. The cólico transit lasts 24 hours approximately.

The nonsecret colon no digestive enzyme nevertheless, has an important paper in the reabsorción of water and mineral salts. The dehydration of quimo produces a more consistent intestinal content. The hardness of lees depends on the duration of the cólico transit.

The heavy intestine is colonized by an important saprófita bacterial flora that it acts on the glucídicos remainders of the digestion causing reactions of fermentation and on the protídicos remainders causing reactions of rotting. Both reactions are accompanied by a gas liberation.


It is triggered when the rectal blister is full. The defecación needs the liberation the anal sphincter, constituted partly by fluted muscular fibers. It is the only element of the alimentary canal that has a voluntary operation.

The fecal skittle, is compound of food remainders nondigested.


The functional colopatías constitute the most frequent cause of the gastroenterológicas consultations (40 to 70%)

In order to be able to speak of functional colopatía it is necessary:

a negative criterion: absence of organic injury.

a positive criterion: cólicas manifestations.

One is intestinal functional upheavals. The picture "null and voidable colon" is an affection of chronic evolution that, in many occasions, affects to a population with a defined psychological profile (chronic anxiety, depression, hysteria)

Clinical signs.

The clinical picture associates abdominal pains, upheavals of the transit and gases.

• Dolores abdominal type cramps: they affect everything or leaves from the cólico picture. Frequently they are paroxísticos and usually they are accompanied by swelling sensation. They are alleviated by the elimination of lees or gases.

• Upheavals of the transit: it can be diarrea with increase of the number of depositions or constipation, although most of the times, diarrea / estreñimiento is a alternancia.

• Existen also other characteristic signs: postprandial abdominal swelling, flatulencias, dispepsia.

He is very frequent that these patients suffer anxiety. They can be obsessed by its intestinal transit, are depressive, etc. Stress can be the origin of these upheavals. All it explains the numerous extradigestive signs that frequently accompany this pathology: palpitaciones, anguishes, asthenia, migrañas.

The evolution is, in general, chronicle, without no repercussion in the general state. Nevertheless, the duration of the disease and the repeated complaints of the patient, force to carry out numerous complementary examinations to discard an organic pathology.


It is necessary to remember that one is anxious patients, whose situation is agravated by the use of inadaptadas or abusive therapies.

1. Hygienic - dietetic treatment.

It is recommended to eat to regular hours, slow mastication and completes (to verify the state of the teeth) sufficient hidratación, life heals (feeding, exercise) and reeducación of the defecación habits.

2. Bases for the treatment.

• In case of constipation, the nourishing fiber contribution and the abundant drink taking will increase the volume of the fecal skittle.

We resorted to the mucílagos: ispágula, fuco. The fiber contribution can, when initiating the treatment, producing swelling. The progressive increase of the doses avoids this disagreeable situation slightly.

• In case of diarrea, agrees to suppress the food consumption that can originate intestinal irritation: crude fats and frituras, spices, fruits, rich vegetables in cellulose, coffee, tobacco, alcohol.

To suppress the irritating laxatives. The vegetal Coal will be very useful.

• In case of abdominal pains, vegetal antispasmodics will be used.

• Other treatments:

It is necessary to know how to listen the patient to detect if the anxiety can be a factor to consider, in which case the sedative plants will complete the treatment.

3. Fitoterapia.

Medicinal plants that can be utlizar in the treatment of null and voidable colon.

For this pathology the following plants can be recommended: Angelica, Milenrama and Ispágula.

Plants adapted for this disease.




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