artemisia abrotanum

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artemisia abrotanum
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Artemisia abrotanum.

Other names:

Castilian: ABROTANO male, Torongil, grass lombriguera.

French: auron mâle, Armoise auron, Citronnelles, garde robe.

English lad's love, old man, sauthernwood.

Dutch: citroenkruid, boerencitroen.

German: Ebarraute, Eberreis.

Herbaceous, which measures 40 to 150 cm tall, has square stems that are born of their elongated leaves. Its tube - shaped flowers and fruits are small brown. It is originally from Mexico, where he lives in warm climates, temperate and semi. Grows associated with the tropical deciduous forest, evergreen and subcaducifolia; Xeric scrublands and mountain cloud forests of oak and mixed pine.

Used Part.

The leaves and flowering tops.

Active Principles.

Essential oil (0, 2 - 0, 4%) with absintol; polyphenols (caféico and chlorogenic acid, flavonoids) cumarinas (escopoletol, isofraxidina, umbeliferona)

Drug Action.

Colerética strong, anthelmintic, estrogen; bitter aromatic: appetizer, Carmine, organoleptic corrector.

Externally: antiseptic, healing and Antiseborrhoeic.


It is used primarily in nervous system problems. The treatment involves the cooking of the branches ingested as tea, also serves to gastrointestinal discomfort, such as stomach pain and poor digestion. In addition to some heart ailments, for it takes the cooking of the plant. There is also a cooking of the branches, alone or mixed with leaves of wormwood, guava and MUICLE, which must be ingested on fasting to regularize menstruation.

Hepatobiliary dyskinesias, inappetence, dyspepsia hiposecretoras, flatulence. Dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, intestinal parasitosis.

In topical use: wounds, seborrheic dermatitis, alopecia.


Unless otherwise indicated, we recommend not to prescribe the essential oil of male ABRÓTANO through internal during pregnancy (for its possible abortifacient effect) lactation and children under six years (at high doses is neurotoxic)

Do not use in patients with known hypersensitivity to this or other essential oils.

Do not prescribe alcoholic extracts to consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Caution / Poisoning.

The pure essential oil can be nerve and abortion. Applied topically can cause allergic reactions (contact dermatitis)



Compound / Asteraceae.


Often grown in the Maestrazgo, center and west of Spain.


Up to 1 meter.

Part used medicinally:

The dried leaves.

Therapeutic benefits:

In stomatitis.


Painful menstruation.


It is a shrubby plant, whose elegant flowers give off a pleasant aroma very similar to lemon. It is easy cultivation in gardens and pots.

Way to prepare:

In infusion.


From early spring to summer.

Main components:

Essential oil (0. 4%)



Coumarin derivatives:




Alkaloids (3%)

abrotina (similar to quinine in properties)

Polyphenolic acids:

caffeic acid.

chlorogenic acid.

bitter principles.



A high dose produces headache and dizziness.

Some recipes ABRÓTANO male.

Stomatitis (mouth)

Prepare an infusion of one teaspoon of leaves ABRÓTANO male for every cup.

Allow to cool.


Perform several rinses daily.


Infusion of 1 gr. of dried leaves per cup.

Let rest for a 5 m.


Drink three cups a day, preferably outside of meals.

Painful menstruation:

Infusion of 1 gr. of dried leaves per cup.

Let rest for a 5 m.


Drink three cups a day preferably after meals.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Infusion: one tablespoon per cup of dessert. Three cups a day.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 40 - 60 drops three times daily.

Tincture (1: 5) 50 to 100 drops, two or three times a day.

Topical use:

Infusion: A spoonful of soup bowl.

Tincture (1: 10) as a treatment hair, apply rub the scalp.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, p. 88.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, p. 378.

James, A; Duke, Ph. D. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 5. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1987, pp. 65, 517.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, pp. 974 - 5.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, p. 48.

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