thea sinensis

TE BLACK (thea sinensis) - HIPERnatural.COM
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thea sinensis
English: Tea.

French: Thé.

From the family of TEAC or Cameliáceas.

Tonic, digestive and astringent, but at the same time diuretic.

External use: In compresses applied on the eyes red, swollen or tired.

The planting of tea also receive the scientific name Camellia, in memory of the missionary Gregorius Josephus camels, who at the end of the century XVll announced the infusion in Europe, as prepared in the Philippines, where it was common beverage. In China and India were using tea as a medicinal plant around 2500 years a. C.

The fact that the tea bushes are grown lower than the wild is no mystery: do not grow more because undergo an aggressive pruning, so they can collect higher branches with their hands, without the need for special gadgets. There are over 100 species of planting tea, living in the wild in the forests of the tropical zone of Asia; of them, Thea sinensis is the one that produces the tea used in infusion.

FEATURES: It is a tree that is the wild, reaches 10 m in height; in the cultivated prevents grow over a meter or meter and a half, which adopts the look of a highly branched shrub. The leaves are oval, between 2 and 5 cm. in length by 1 0 2 wide, overwhelmed with the edges toward the bottom. The ends, sawn, ending in a sort of hook. The flowers are large, white, very beautiful (as are the camellias in the gardens) The fruit is a small capsule with three seeds.

LOCATION: Originally from Bhutan and Bangladesh, its cultivation in China, Japan, India. Java. Sri Lanka and other Asian areas. In the Americas there are also plantations (in Brazil and the United States) You need sandy soil and soft, siliceous (not suited to the land calcareous) Resist or low temperatures.

COLLECTING: It is an operation to be conducted with great care not to damage the plant. The 'short' of the branches is between the year and a half and repeat it every two years to five; aims to prevent the growth of the vertical shaft and encourage the growth of branches. As for the leaves, cut the ends of the branches of the youth, along with the terminal buds, but following different processes depending on the type of tea you want to market: for tea green leaves are cut one by a (the buds are the Hyson tea, and the first leaves the barrel of gunpowder tea, which are the best teas) To prepare the tea 'black', cut the leaves without petioles (the first harvest in April, gives rise to pekoe tea, of better quality than that of leaves collected later. Green tea is made immediately after toasting the leaves of the gathering, while for black tea roasting is done after a period of rest in the leaves suffer a slight fermentation.

USES AND APPLICATIONS: Tea is a beverage of current use as an infusion, as is the coffee. Britain is one of the countries in the world to consume more tea per capita. As a medicinal infusion is used as a stimulant, as a diuretic and as a digestive.

Collection of tea on the outskirts of Kandy (Sri Lanka) The tea, grown in China since ancient times for its healing properties, in the century vm amounted to "divine idealization", as it was found in the tea ceremony the same order that governs the universe.

Used Part.

The leaves.

Active Principles.

Bases xánticas (methylxanthines) mostly caffeine or protein (3 - 4%) theophylline, theobromine, adenine, xanthine. Tannins Catechists (8 - 25%) partly free and partly combined with the bases xánticas. Abundant flavonoids (kenferol, quercetol, miricetol) Acids fenolcarboxílicos: chlorogenic, gallic. Traces of essential oil, mineral salts, vitamins C, B, enzymes: Teasa.

Drug Action.

The xánticas bases, especially caffeine gives stimulant properties of the nervous system (provided the cortical activity, inhibit sleep, reduces the feeling of fatigue) and cardiorespiratory (stimulate the respiratory and vasomotor centers bulbares) Theophylline, and to a lesser extent caffeine, have a positive inotropic action, increase the frequency and cardiac output and coronary artery disease. Theophylline and theobromine induce a relaxation of smooth muscle, especially bronchial level, ureteral and biliary. They stimulate muscle contraction and are diuretic. Flavonoids and proantocianidoles are responsible for their actions vitamin P (venotónica, Vasoprotectives) The tannins are astringents. It is also slightly lipid - lowering and antiplatelet.


Psycho - physical asthenia, diarrhea, bronchitis, asthma; adjunct in the treatment of overweight and atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia. The extracts of tea and the protein is generally used topically, like caffeine, in creams and gels to reduce local adiposity.


Gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcer, anxiety, insomnia, tachycardia.

Do not prescribe oral dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Side Effects.

Nervousness, insomnia, tachycardia, extrasystoles, polyuria. For its tannin content, can cause gastric discomfort, nausea and vomiting, especially if you take concentrated infusions, or fasting.

Caution / Poisoning.

The tea, like coffee, is addictive.

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Infusion: one tablespoon per cup of dessert, infuse 10 minutes.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 25 - 50 drops / dose. One to three times a day.

Tincture (1: 5) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times a day.

Dry extract (3: 1) 50 - 100 mg per day, preferably in the morning.

Use topic: gels or creams with glycolic or dry extract.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, pp. 413 - 5.

Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, pp. 546 - 7.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, pp. 238 - 46.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, pp. 474 - 6.

Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, pp. 295; 297.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, p. 684.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 394 - 5.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 490 - 2.


They are the twigs of the tea plant are harvested when at least three years of age. They can take all people, including children and the sick. It's digestive, diuretic and stimulant. It helps fatigue for his defeat alkalizing effect.


It is a wise combination of plants beneficial for respiratory problems, circulatory diseases of the female genital tract, weakness, fatigue and impaired central nervous system. Purifies the blood. Diuretic.

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