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The mate, belonging to the family of aquifoliáceas, is a long tree leaves persistent, with white flowers and red berries.

The party official are the leaves.


Is originally from Paraguay, hence he was also known as Paraguay tea, but now is grown in Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.

The genus Ilex has more than 800 species being Ilex aquifolium L. the most common.

Chemical composition.

The analysis of Ilex paraguariensis reveals the presence of caffeine (0. 3 to 2. 4%) theobromine (0, 1 - 0, 5%) acids cafeilquínicos, particularly chlorogenic acid (4 to 14%) many saponins (Ursola acid derivatives and oleanólico) flavonoids and anthocyanins.

Pharmacological data.

Its properties primarily in their leaves, rich in mateína: this substance similar to caffeine possesses the qualities on the general stimulation of the body and burning fat for it, without having adverse effects linked to the nervousness and sleep disorders. Moreover, his wealth in saponins allows you to increase the temogénesis, that is, the body's energy expenditure by promoting weight loss.

Observations on man.

The results of a clinical trial conducted with 44 obese indicate that a mixture of plants that includes mate slows the progression of the food bolus to the exterior of the stomach, which achieves a increase in the duration of the feeling of satiety.

Gastric emptying was observed by an ultrasound scanner in seven healthy volunteers who received 3 capsules containing a ready - based Mate or 3 placebo capsules.

In a prepared base Mate was a slowing of gastric emptying (58 + 15 minutes compared to 38 + 7. 6 minutes obtained with placebo (P = 0025) The study showed after 10 days of treatment The reduction in body weight with the capsules based Mate versus placebo.

In the search for new players Termogénicos, particularly herbal preparations, A. Martinet et al. examined the effects of oral administration of 12 commercial preparations to promote weight loss.

Of all these, Matt was the one who showed a really interesting activity to produce a significant decrease in respiratory quotient. This reduction brings the oxidation of a more fat and thus in a favorable effect in reducing body fat.


British and French pharmacopoeias also deemed to mate as an adjunct to a weight loss program for their modulating effect of appetite.

Furthermore, its high concentration of chlorophyll, minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and phosphorus) vitamins (C, B1, B2, A and K) and mateína, mate to provide some important stimulant properties at the muscle.

He was also attributed digestive and diuretic properties.

The drug.

South American Indians have always eaten since their leaves in the form of infusion, prepared in gourds fitted with a hole where a tube is inserted so - called bulb with the liquid that is aspired.

This drink is playing even, in some South American countries close to a social role of coffee in Europe. To illustrate with numbers, South America are estimated at more than 30 million ordinary consumers of mate, grown over 300, 000 tons per year.

The earliest known evidence dating back to 1560 by the Spanish conquerors who gave him beneficial properties on the mood and fatigue.

Diseases whose treatment is appropriate in this plant.

Intervener in weight control diets.

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