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English: Orange tree.

French: Oranger.

From the family of Rutaca.

The leaves, and above all, the flowers (the orange blossom) are antispasmodic, sedative and sleeping lightly.

Its fruit, orange, is rich in vitamin A, B, C and P.

Like lemon, comes from South Asia, where it is cultivated since time immemorial. In Europe it introduced Alexander the Great in the century lll a. C. although by then lend more attention to the lemon. Only in the century lx ox began to orange trees grown in Mediterranean countries. The first was the acid orange (Citrus aurantium) In the fourteenth century are acclimatised another variety called sweet orange (C. sinensis) from which they originated many other varieties such as navel orange or California.

FEATURES: Tree of around 4 m in height, with leaves very particular: the oval, finished puma, in bright green, has at its base, on both sides of the petiole joins the branch, eats two leaves, a on each side. They take, together, the shape of a heart. Flower (orange blossom calls) are white, with 5 petals. The fruit, orange, is almost spherical, about 10 cm in diameter, with thick skin, protecting the edible part, fleshy, very juicy, divided into segments that contain the seeds. The difference between oranges and bitter orange of the sweet lies in the know.

LOCATION: Citrus trees, whose fruits are commercially known as "citrus (oranges, lemons, citron, mandarin) occupy an area on the globe that has come to call the citrus belt, which stretches roughly from the 40 grades of north latitude to 40 south latitude. Ie, covering all five continents except northern China, north of the Mediterranean basin and the northern half of the United States.

ACTIVE: The leaf is the essence, composed mainly of limonene and linalol; flowers are rich in essence of orange blossom, very fragrant, used by the cosmetics industry. The essence of the leaves is also found in oranges, especially in the crust, and gives it its bitter know. The pulp has sugars (in great quantity in the''sweet orange) and three glycosides; also contains high proportions of vitamins, especially C. When oranges are ripe, will form a substance (a heterósidos) time that the ownership of capillaries protect against hemorrhaging.

Medicinal properties: The juice of the flowers is a sedative (recommended for people nerve) and regulates the involuntary muscle contractions, come from the intestines. In the cortex are substances that eliminate intestinal gas. The pulp is an essential food in the diseases caused by lack of vitamins. The orange juice has a high vitamin content, is digestive, refreshing and stimulating.

COLLECTION: The leaves should be cut in spring and dry immediately, then can be stored in a fiasco sealed, protected from light and moisture. For the flowers have to wait for the opening, but without allowing it to wither (it is better to cut the flower bud when it is already completely open) A1 Like the leaves must be dried. Oranges begin to mature into the fall and can be collected until the end of spring.

USES AND APPLICATIONS: The orange is more than just fruit on the table, then taking it eats dessert drink or eat (squeezing lapulpa) we will benefit from their vitamins and their digestive and stimulant properties. The majority of soft drinks around the world containing orange juice (orange) But not only takes advantage of the fruit: the infusion of leaves and flowers is helpful to calm the nerves (best when mixed with a sheet of Tila) Come stomach tonic to regain appetite, you can serve the bark of bitter orange in decoction: boiled skin of an orange in half liter water do for half an hour, cool, Slips and sugar is added at will. It takes one cup.

Used Part.

The flowers, fruit (pericarp, immature fruit) and eventually leaves.

Active Principles.

Flowers: 0, 05 - 0, 5% of essential oil (neroli) limonene, linalol, nerol, methyl anthranilate.

Pericarp: flavonoids responsible for the bitter taste (naringósido, neohesperidósido) and not bitter (rutoside, Hesperides, sinensetósido) essential oil ("curaçao") 2%: limonene (90%) furanocumarinas; minerals, abundant pectin, acid citric, malic and ascorbic.

Leaves: Essential oil ("petit grain") 0, 2 - 0, 4%: terpénicos hydrocarbons (limonene) alcohols (linalol, nerol, methyl anthranilate, betaine (estaquidrina) flavonoids (hesperidin) limonina.

Drug Action.

Flowers: The essential oil is soothing, hypnotic soft, espasmolílico,

Pericarp: the essential oil has an antispasmodic action, slightly sedative and hypnotic; the flavonoids confer properties vitamin P (increases venous tone of the walls, reduces the permeability and increases capillary resistance. Principles bitter acted as a tonic, appetizer, eupéptico and colagogo. Pectin gives it demulcent properties and cholesterol levels. The bark of bitter orange, for its distinctive smell and taste (bitter - aromatic) is one of the best organoleptic correction, masking unpleasant odors and flavors from other drugs.


Pericarp: inappetence, dyspepsia hiposecretoras, gastrointestinal spasms, dyskinesias Hepatobiliary, cholecystitis, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome. Varicose veins, phlebitis, hemorrhoids, capillary fragility, edema, diarrhea, hyperlipidaemias.

Flowers, leaves: Anxiety, insomnia, dystonia neurovegetative, cough nervous.


Unless otherwise indicated, we recommend not to prescribe essential oils through internal during pregnancy, lactation, children under six years or patients with gastritis, gastric ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, hepatopathy, epilepsy, Parkinson and other neurological diseases.

Do not administer, or topically applied to children under six years old or people with respiratory allergies or with known hypersensitivity to this or other essential oils.

Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcoholic content for oral administration in children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Caution / Poisoning.

Failure to pass the dose of 5 drops per shot, managing nor more than three shots a day.

Do not expose your skin to the sun after the application of essential oil (especially those with sensitive skin) may appear a phenomenon of photosensitization.

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Infusion of leaves: 5 - 20 g / l. Infuse 15 minutes, 2 - 3 cups a day.

Infusion of flowers: 2 grams per cup. Infuse 10 minutes, 2 or 3 cups a day.

Decoction (pericarp) 1 - 2 tablespoons per cup of dessert, one to three a day.

Orange blossom water, a teaspoon, one to three times a day, or as a complement decoctions of herbal teas.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 30 - 50 drops three times daily.

Syrup (5 - 10% extract fluid pericarp) two to four tablespoons per day.

Tincture (1: 5) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times a day.

Essential oil: 2 - 4 drops, one to three times a day.


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