Frangula () - HIPERnatural.COM
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Other Names:

Spanish: Arraclán, Avellanillo, Hazel Bravi, smelly, Ollacarana, Sanapudio, Sangredo.

English: Buckthorn.

French: Bourdain.

From the family of Ramnáceas.

The great botanist Renaissance, Andrea Mattioli, in 1554 published an annotated edition of the medical Matter of Dioscorides, in which it said, as mentioned Font Quer, "the bark of frangula is a very mild laxative, which admirably clean the liver. But only be used dry green vomiting occurs. ".

Did not go unnoticed in this illustrious pioneer of botany, the curious process that occurs in the cortex of frangula: Fresh is toxic, and has an intense effect vomiting. But, over time, will spontaneously lose their toxicity, and gaining a remarkable medicinal virtue. After a year of drying, the bark of frangula becomes a valued remedy for constipation.

Habitat: abundant in the forests and damp of Europe and the northern half of Spain. Known and used in the Americas, where he also farmed species Rhamnus purshiana (shell sacred plant below this) whose medicinal properties are similar to those of Rhamnus frangula.

Description: shrub of the family of Ramnáceas, 2 - 3 m tall, without spines, small flowers with five petals. Da as a result of red berries in summer, black and shiny in the autumn, when ripe.

Used parts: the dried bark of the trunk and branches.

Properties and indications: the active ingredients of the crust are frangula Anthraquinone glycosides, which give the following properties:

Mild laxative action, but effective. No cause retortijones or liquid stools, or other disorders own side of laxatives irritants. Neither leads to loss of potassium and other minerals, or colitis secondary facts which are frequently in regular users of chemical laxatives. And, if this were not enough, the bowel is not accustomed to their jobs, so that its effects remain constant even when ingested over a long period of time. It is therefore ideal for those suffering from intestinal laziness many years, and have already tested several laxatives, without much success, sometimes with nothing undesirable side effects. These patients, who are often women, if they want to overcome this unpleasant condition, should continue to further dietary fiber in rice plant.

Colerética: as the botanist said Mattioli, the bark of frangula also for the smooth functioning of the liver by its effect colerética. Those suffering from acute and chronic hepatitis, various hepatopathies or even cirrhosis, will benefit from their use.


Pregnancy, lactation, menstruation, intestinal obstruction, acute abdomen, gastroduodenal ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, hemorrhoids, cystitis, renal or cardiac isuficiencia (see precautions) Incompatible with treatment with cardiac or base of alkalizing: bicarbonate, magnesium salts (including mineral waters rich in these parts)

Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcoholic content for oral administration in children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Use: decoction with 20 - 30 grams. shredded bark, old (one year at least) in half a liter of water. Boil for 20 minutes, if allowed to stand for a few hours, increasing their efficiency, filter and take 1 - 2 cups, preferably at night, to produce effect the next morning.

The bark is used as a mild laxative, and against intestinal putrefaction gases. Regulate bowel function without creating habit.

Active Principles.

Anthraquinone compounds (6 - 10%) emodol derivatives, crisofanol, frangulina, frangula A and B, formed by partial hydrolysis of glucofrangulósidos A and B.

According R. F. E. The dry drug must contain at least 7% of glucofrangulinas, expressed as glucofrangulina A.

Caution / Poisoning.

The drug must be well drained (100 º C for one hour) and old (at least one year) to bring about the transformation of Antron and antranoles in anthraquinone, which is essential for therapeutic use. It is not advisable to continue long - term care, or use doses higher than those indicated. Starting treatment with low dosificaciones. El plant use fresh, high - dose, prolonged treatments, or because of individual sensitivity to drugs, can cause gastrointestinal irritation by cramping pain, with sharp intestinal spasms, vomiting and nausea.

Your continued use (abuse) causes a loss of electrolytes, especially potassium (which could involve a strengthening of the indirect effect of cardiotóticos)

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

For the treatment of chronic constipation or usual, we recommend using laxatives mechanics, and introduce the necessary moficicaciones in diet and habits.

The bark of frangula should not be taken together with baking soda, salt, fruit, milk of magnesia or any other alkaline, because their effect is significantly diminished. It was inadvisable to use in case of pregnancy, lactation and menstruation crises hemorrhoidal (inflamed hemorrhoids)

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Use (see precautions)

Decoction: 5 to 10 grams per liter. Boil 15 minutes, let macerate for 2 hours.

Dust: 1 to 2 grams a day, as a laxative, and 4 to 5 g / day as a laxative, in capsules of 0. 5 g.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 20 - 80 drops per day.

Tincture (1: 10) 15 to 30 drops one to three times daily before meals.

Dry extract (5: 1) 100 to 300 mg / day, in one to three shots.

As a laxative, we recommend a dose at bedtime. The effect occurs at about ten hours.

External use: compresses tincture (1: 10)

Dose recommended by the E. S. C. O. P.

The correct individual dose is the minimum necessary to achieve the effect.

Adults: preparations equivalent to 15 - 25 mg glucofrangulósidos, expressed as glucofrangulósido A, taken at night in a single dose.

We do not recommend use in children.


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