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Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Fam. Cruciferae.

It is a kind used in the regions north and center of our country, recommended mainly for kidney problems. His treatment consists of grinding or chopping the whole plant, with or without roots, to be eaten as a tea. In other areas of the Mexican territory is drunk as liquefied for disorders of the lung or suggests eating chopped and lemon. For heart aches, field investigations indicate that they are good leaves and stems, which recommends that are eaten in salads every day. In the treatment of stomach aches is a cook with fresh branches or milled to be taken as water usage. Cress is also used to treat anemia, goiter and diabetes. The treatment for these cases, is the infusion of its branches.

Plant, which measures 10 to 50 cm. tall, with branched stems and very soft. Its leaves are oval and elongated in shape with ribbing very marked. Its white flowers, fruits originate in the form of an elongated pods. Inhabits semi climates, dry, dry and mild. The Cress grows wild along rivers and streams. Is associated with the Xeric scrublands, forests of oak and mixed pine.

Used Part.

Sumidades the air.

Active Principles.

Glucosinolates: gluconasturtósido. Vitamins A, C, B2, PP and E. Mineral salts: sodium, iodine, iron, phosphorus, manganese. Enzymes. Bitter principle.

Drug Action.

Appetizer, vitamin, remineralizing. Diuretic, stimulating the scalp (rubefaciente) Béquico, expectorant. Slightly hypoglycemic.


Inappetence, convalescence. Pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis. Diabetes. Anemia. Hepatobiliary dyskinesias. Prevention of scurvy. States that require an increase in urine output: genitourinary disorders (cystitis, ureteritis, urethritis, oliguria, urolithiasis) hiperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout, high blood pressure, edema, overweight accompanied by fluid retention.

In topical use: gingivitis, parodontopatías, alopecia, seborrheic dermatitis.


Gastritis, gastric ulcus, inflammation of the urinary tract, hypothyroidism (see precautions)

Caution / Poisoning.

Carefully clean the plant before being used, because often, in the leaves, there are eggs and larvae of parasites and hepatitis A. It is recommended the consumption of cultivated varieties.

In excessive doses, or used in a prolonged, may cause irritation of the stomach and kidney endothelium.

The activity goitrogénica has a gluconasturtósido (bociogénica) irreversibly inhibit the peroxidase tioridea preventing the oxidation of iodide to iodine, as well as the transport system of iodine to the thyroid cells, decreasing the production of thyroxine (Trease; Mulet, 97)

The use of diuretics in the presence of hypertension or heart disease, should be done only by prescription and under medical supervision, given the possibility of occurrence of decompensation or tension, if the elimination of potassium is considerable, enhancing the effect of cardiac.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Decoction, usually with other vegetables diuretic. A liter or more per day.

Plant fresh in salads (see precautions)

Juice: 50 to 150 g / day, alone or with other juices.

External use:

Fresh Juice, applied in the form of friction on the scalp.

Glycolic extract (1: 5) pure or applied in the form of gels or creams.


Benigni, R; Capra, C; Cattorini, P. Piante Medicinali. Chimica, Pharmacology and Therapy. Milano: Inverni & Della Beffa, 1962, pp. 974 - 7.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, p. 134.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 231.

Loew, D; Heimsoth, V; Kuntz, E; Schilcher, H. Herbal Medicine, and clinical pharmacology of "diuretics plant. " In: Diuretics: chemistry, pharmacology and therapeutics, including herbal medicine. Barcelona: Salvat, 1991, pp. 233 - 259.

Mulet, L. Ethnobotanical survey of the province of Castellon. Castellon: Provincial, 1991, pp. 295 - 6.

Mulet, L. Toxic Plants of Valencia. Castellon: Provincial, 1997, pp. 24; 383.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996, p. 148.

Rivera, D; Obon, C. The Guide INCAFE of useful and Poisonous Plants of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearics. Madrid: INCAFE, 1991, pp. 465 - 6.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, p. 585.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, pp. 261.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 159.

WICHTL, M. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceutical. A Handbook for Practice on a scientific basis. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994, pp. 353 - 4.

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